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Bhartiya No. 1 (Nationalist)     06 December 2010

Arrest should be the last option: SC

Plz, go thru the news item below,


Arrest should be the last option: SC

 New Delhi, Dec 5 (PTI)
The Supreme Court has ruled that arrest should be the last option used by police as unnecessary incarceration of a person violates the fundamental right to personal liberty.
"The arrest should be the last option and it should be restricted to those exceptional cases where arresting the accused is imperative in the facts and circumstances of that case," the apex court said in a judgement.

"Personal liberty is a very precious fundamental right and it should be curtailed only when it becomes imperative according to the peculiar facts and circumstances of the case," the court said.

A Bench of justices Dalveer Bhandari and K S Radhakrishnan also said that anticipatory bail granted to a person should continue till the conclusion of the trial and no conditions should be imposed for the accused to surrender for obtaining a regular bail.

"A great ignominy, humiliation and disgrace is attached to arrest. Arrest leads to many serious consequences not only for the accused but for the entire family and at times for the entire community. Most people do not make any distinction between arrest at a pre-conviction stage or post-conviction stage," they said.

"The proper course of action ought to be that after evaluating the averments and accusation available on the record, if the court is inclined to grant anticipatory bail, then an interim bail be granted and notice be issued to the public prosecutor," Justice Bhandari said.

The bench said the tendency of courts to grant anticipatory bail with conditions like asking the person to surrender before a court for regular bail was contrary to the statute and ruling set by a Constitution Bench.

"The court would certainly be entitled to impose conditions for the grant of bail. The public prosecutor or complainant would be at liberty to move the same court for cancellation or modifying the conditions of bail any time if liberty granted by the court is misused," the apex court said.

"The bail granted by the court should ordinarily be continued till the trial of the case. The order granting anticipatory bail for a limited duration and thereafter directing the accused to surrender and apply before a regular bail is contrary to the legislative intention and judgement of the Constitution Bench in Sibbia’s case," the Bench said.

The apex court made the remarks while granting anticipatory bail to Siddharam Satlingappa Mhetre, a Congress leader allegedly involved in the killing of a BJP worker on September 26, 2009, in Maharashtra.

Mhetre had moved the apex court after the Bombay High Court dismissed his anticipatory bail plea. In another incident, the intelligence agencies found a source getting funds from many locations in Jammu and Kashmir and Uttar Pradesh which were withdrawn in Delhi and other places.

"An STR was received from a bank of a person residing in western UP, who had opened an account declaring his profile as self-employed (trader) with gross annual income of Rs three lakh. The account showed small cash deposit from different locations such as Jammu, Srinagar, Maharjganj and the proceeds were withdrawn immediately from ATMs located in UP and Delhi, which  was considered suspicious by the reporting bank.
"The report was sent to intelligence agencies. Enquiries by intelligence agencies revealed that the subject owned a factory in Jammu and had business dealings in Srinagar, but it also revealed that one of his relatives residing in UP had links with terrorists and had undergone imprisonment in Guwahati jail," the report said.

A total of 17,209 STRs -- which gave rise to a reasonable ground of suspicion that the transaction may involve proceeds of crime or financing of activities related to terrorism -- were reported to the FIU by various banks and financial institutions in the country.
The FIU along with other enforcement and intelligence agencies like the Intelligence Bureau, Income Tax department and the CBI also detected money laundering through multi-level marketing schemes, foreign exchange violations of more than Rs 300 crore and tax evasion through  bogus billings to the tune of almost Rs 100 crore.



 4 Replies


Another land mark judgement like

D.K. Basu Vs. State of West Bengal 1997 (1) SCC 416 

1 Like

Vishwa (translator)     07 December 2010

There is very little chance of this message from the apex body being followed. The police will have no chance to browbeat the accused and collect money. The lawyers will no longer be able to milk their clients for all they are worth. Megalomaniac judges cannot enjoy their arrogance and thirst for power - in addition to collecting occult gratifications from their nephews. As for the accused, who cares if he rots in jail?

Bhartiya No. 1 (Nationalist)     08 December 2010

Actually Police Force in Our Country is  mediocre and their main aim used to be money. Thounsands of warrants are pending due to want of serve/execution, while serving/executing the warrant Police generally see their interest.


Unless they get and collect the conclusive proof , no arrest should be made to common people.

girishankar (manager)     10 December 2010

Well Said APEX pl continue dont stop with one there are lots You have to take Care for the sake of HUMANS

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