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  • Analysing the Delhi Liquor Case.
  • The role of Sanjay Singh.
  • Other additional aspects of this case.



Sanjay Singh, a significant figure in the Aam Aadmi Party (AAP), faced accusations related to his purported involvement in influencing the allocation of alcohol licenses within the framework of the Delhi Excise Policy for the year 2020. The charges against Singh primarily revolved around alleged actions that led to substantial financial losses for the state and purported violations of anti-corruption laws.


The Enforcement Directorate (ED) arrested Singh in connection with these allegations, suggesting that his role in influencing the allocation of licenses for alcohol shops and merchants resulted in irregularities that adversely impacted the state's financial stability. These actions were perceived as a manipulation of the licensing system, potentially benefiting certain entities while causing losses to the state exchequer.

The charges brought against Sanjay Singh specifically focused on his alleged participation in manipulating the licensing process, which purportedly led to financial improprieties and contraventions of established anti-corruption regulations within the domain of the Delhi Excise Policy for the year 2020.


The Delhi Excise Policy serves as the regulatory framework governing the production, distribution, sale, and consumption of alcoholic beverages within the National Capital Territory. It outlines licensing procedures for entities involved in the alcohol trade, dictates the types of alcohol permitted for sale, sets pricing structures, and determines operating hours for liquor outlets. The policy focuses on consumer protection by implementing quality standards and measures to prevent the sale of inferior products. Additionally, it acts as a revenue-generating mechanism for the state through taxes, excise duties, and licensing fees. Periodic revisions are made to adapt to evolving societal needs and changing market dynamics while ensuring a balance between revenue generation and public welfare.


Sanjay Singh's Legal Challenges and Proceedings:-

1. Arrest and Allegations:-

  • Sanjay Singh, a prominent leader of the Aam Aadmi Party (AAP), was arrested by the Enforcement Directorate (ED) on October 4, 2023.
  • Allegations against Singh revolve around his alleged involvement in influencing alcohol licenses in 2020, leading to significant financial losses for the state and purported violations of anti-corruption laws. This involvement supposedly caused disruptions within the Delhi Excise Policy.

2. Appeal in Delhi High Court:-

    • Singh challenged his ED detention and subsequent remand in the Delhi High Court, seeking to contest the arrest and remand orders imposed by the investigative agency.
    • The plea presented in the Delhi High Court aimed to obtain relief against the decisions made by the ED regarding Singh's custody and further legal actions.
    • However, the Delhi High Court, under the leadership of Justice, dismissed Singh's appeal, refusing to intervene in the arrest and remand orders, thereby upholding the ED's actions. The court ruling was handed down on.

3. Move to Supreme Court:-

    • In response to the Delhi High Court's decision, Singh took the case to the Supreme Court, seeking reconsideration and relief from the dismissal of his plea.
    • The bench consisting of Justices Sanjiv Khanna and SVN Bhatti took cognizance of the matter, issuing a notice to the ED for further proceedings.
    • The Supreme Court scheduled subsequent proceedings regarding Singh's case for the second week of December, indicating a further legal evaluation and deliberation of his appeal.

4. Bail Application and Judicial Consideration:-

    • While the legal process continued, Singh was granted the opportunity by the court to apply for regular bail, independent of the prior court judgments.
    • The court emphasized that the bail application would undergo evaluation based solely on its merits and in accordance with the established legal framework, regardless of previous court decisions.


In the unfolding legal proceedings tied to the Delhi Excise Policy case, several political figures have found themselves entangled or associated with the investigation:-

  1. Sanjay Singh: An influential member of the Aam Aadmi Party (AAP), arrested by the Enforcement Directorate (ED) for his purported involvement in manipulating alcohol licenses within the framework of the Delhi Excise Policy.
  1. Manish Sisodia: Former Deputy Chief Minister of Delhi and a significant AAP leader, who has been subject to legal actions and continues to be involved in the case.
  1. Satyendar Jain: Another AAP leader implicated in the investigations surrounding the alleged irregularities related to the Delhi Excise Policy.
  1. Arvind Kejriwal: Delhi's Chief Minister and AAP's National Convenor, though not directly accused, is linked to the case due to his high-profile position and the implementation of government policies, including the Delhi Excise Policy.
  1. Raghav Chadha: An AAP leader, involved in legal proceedings concerning a defamation case filed by BJP leader Chail Bihari Goswami.
  1. Chail Bihari Goswami: A BJP leader who filed a defamation complaint against AAP's Raghav Chadha, asserting public defamation through press conferences and social media platforms related to alleged financial misappropriation within the North MCD controlled by the BJP.

These individuals have varying degrees of involvement or association with the ongoing legal inquiries related to the Delhi Excise Policy, facing actions such as arrests, legal challenges, or accusations in connection with alleged irregularities surrounding alcohol licenses and government policies.


Sanjay Singh faces accusations of influencing alcohol shop and merchant licenses issuance in 2020, causing financial losses to the state and purported violations of anti-corruption laws. His arrest by the ED prompted appeals to both the Delhi High Court and subsequently the Supreme Court, challenging arrest, remand, and seeking bail.

  1. Manipulation of Alcohol Licenses:-
  • Accused of influencing the allocation of alcohol licenses under the Delhi Excise Policy, favoring specific entities.
  • Allegations suggest Singh played a key role in manipulating license distribution for personal or organizational gain.

ii. Financial Losses to the State:-

    • Implicated in actions leading to financial losses to the state due to manipulated license allocations.
    • Allegations indicate Singh's involvement in irregularities resulting in economic harm to the government.

iii. Enforcement Directorate's Investigations:-

    • Under investigation by the Enforcement Directorate (ED) for alleged involvement in irregularities tied to the allocation of alcohol licenses.

i. Involvement in Money Laundering:-

    • Accused under the Prevention of Money Laundering Act (PMLA) for purportedly engaging in money laundering activities.
    • Allegations imply Singh's role in channeling funds through illicit means or in connection with activities linked to the Delhi Excise Policy.

ii. ED's Investigations and Arrest:-

    • Arrested by the ED under PMLA in connection with the alleged money laundering aspects linked to the Delhi Excise Policy.
    • Subject to inquiries and legal actions for his alleged involvement in financial improprieties within the scope of money laundering related to the Excise Policy.


In the case related to alleged liquor irregularities linked to the Delhi Excise Policy involving political figures like Sanjay Singh, Manish Sisodia, and others, several legal authorities play distinct roles:

1. Enforcement Directorate (ED):-

    • Responsible for investigating financial crimes and enforcing economic laws, the ED arrested Sanjay Singh and conducted inquiries into alleged irregularities connected to the Delhi Excise Policy.
    • The ED's actions included arrests, inquiries, and submission of reports, shaping the legal course and providing evidence to support their allegations.

2. Delhi High Court:-

    • The Delhi High Court, led by specific judges, heard petitions and appeals related to the arrests, remands, and legal challenges presented by figures like Sanjay Singh, determining the legality of actions taken by investigative agencies like the ED.
    • Its rulings and decisions influenced the progression of the case, either upholding or overturning appeals and petitions.

3. Supreme Court:-

    • The apex court, the Supreme Court, received Sanjay Singh's petition challenging the Delhi High Court's decisions, issuing notices and scheduling further proceedings.
    • Its involvement signifies a higher level of legal scrutiny and potentially impacts the outcomes of the case.

4. Trial Courts (Rouse Avenue Court):-

    • These courts, including the Rouse Avenue Court, handled aspects like remands, bail applications, and judicial custody, overseeing the immediate legal consequences following arrests made by the ED.
    • The decisions made by these courts determined the custody, bails, and other immediate legal facets of the case.

Each authority—ED, Delhi High Court, Supreme Court, and the trial courts—fulfilled distinct roles, shaping the legal proceedings, influencing decisions, and determining the course of actions in response to the alleged liquor irregularities within the ambit of the Delhi Excise Policy.


Alongside the primary allegations related to the Delhi Excise Policy, there are additional charges of money laundering and defamation tied to the case involving various political figures:

  1. Money Laundering:-

The Enforcement Directorate (ED) has pursued charges of money laundering against individuals like Sanjay Singh, linking their actions within the Delhi Excise Policy to financial improprieties and potential illicit money movements. The allegations suggest that certain actions regarding alcohol licenses might have been part of a larger scheme involving the illegal movement or manipulation of funds.

  1. Defamation:-

Raghav Chadha, an AAP leader, is embroiled in a defamation case filed by BJP's Chail Bihari Goswami. This case involves accusations of public defamation through press conferences, social media platforms, and newspapers. Goswami claims that statements made by Chadha, implying financial misappropriation within the North MCD controlled by the BJP, were defamatory. Chadha has approached the Delhi High Court after a trial court dismissed appeals against summonses, striving to refute defamation accusations.


The recent updates, as per the information provided, involve significant legal developments:

  1. Supreme Court Notice: Sanjay Singh's petition challenging the Delhi High Court's rejection of his plea against arrest and remand in the alleged liquor irregularities case received attention from the Supreme Court. A bench comprising Justices Sanjiv Khanna and SVN Bhatti issued a notice to the Enforcement Directorate (ED) regarding Singh's petition. The matter is scheduled for further proceedings in the second week of December.
  1. Bail Application: During the legal proceedings, Singh was granted the opportunity to apply for regular bail, with the court emphasizing that the bail application would be considered on its merits independently of prior judgments.

These recent updates primarily revolve around the judicial process, with the Supreme Court's involvement and the consideration of bail for Sanjay Singh amidst the ongoing legal confrontations related to the alleged liquor irregularities case.


1. Legal Complexity:-

    • Challenge: The case involves intricate legalities, including financial improprieties, alleged corruption, and violations of anti-corruption laws, making it a complex legal matter.
    • Recommendation: Ensuring thorough and meticulous investigations, and a well-prepared legal strategy to navigate the complexities of the case.

2. Political Ramifications:-

    • Challenge: The involvement of prominent political figures raises concerns about potential political implications and public perception.
    • Recommendation: Conducting the legal proceedings transparently, free from any political interference or bias, to ensure fair judgment and maintain public trust in the legal system.

3. Proving Allegations:

    • Challenge: Establishing concrete evidence to substantiate the allegations of manipulation in license allocation and money laundering could pose a challenge.
    • Recommendation: Strengthening investigative methods, acquiring credible evidence, and ensuring a robust case presentation to support the allegations.

4. Public Scrutiny and Perception:-

    • Challenge: The case may attract intense public scrutiny, potentially impacting public confidence in governance and law enforcement.
    • Recommendation: Maintaining transparency throughout the legal process, providing regular updates on proceedings, and communicating the fairness and impartiality of the investigations.


  1. Prevention of Money Laundering Act (PMLA):-

The Enforcement Directorate (ED) charged individuals under the PMLA, which aims to prevent money laundering and deal with the proceeds of crime. Sections 3 and 4 of the PMLA deal with offenses of money laundering and punishment for the same. Section 44 delineates the burden of proof in cases related to proceeds of crime.

  1. Anti-Corruption Laws:-

Various sections of the Indian Penal Code (IPC), such as those related to corruption, bribery, and misuse of public office, might be applicable. Sections 161 to 165 of the IPC pertain to bribery, while Sections 169 to 171 deal with offenses related to public servants unlawfully buying or bidding for property. Additionally, Section 120B covers criminal conspiracy, and Sections 405 to 409 deal with criminal breach of trust by public servants.

  1. Excise Laws and Policies:-

Specific sections within excise laws and policies concerning the allocation of alcohol licenses, their regulation, and the governance of excise-related matters could be relevant. Pertinent sections within the Delhi Excise Act, 2009, and the Delhi Excise Rules could involve provisions regarding the allocation, regulation, and governance of alcohol licenses, including sections detailing the criteria for granting licenses and penalties for violations.

  1. Legal Procedures and Criminal Code:-

Provisions within the Criminal Procedure Code (CrPC) and other legal procedures governing investigations, arrests, and remands could apply in the case. Sections 154 to 176 of the CrPC encompass the process of investigation, search and seizure, arrest, and production of witnesses.

  1. Ethical and Governance Guidelines:-

Statutory guidelines and ethical standards for public officials and their conduct, as outlined by various administrative and governance laws, might be implicated. Various provisions within the All India Services (Conduct) Rules, 1968, and the Central Civil Services (Conduct) Rules, 1964, stipulate ethical conduct and standards for public servants.


The case surrounding the Delhi Excise Policy allegations, involving individuals such as Sanjay Singh and others, presents a complex legal scenario intertwining accusations of corruption, money laundering, and breaches of public office ethics. The legal proceedings, investigations by enforcement agencies like the Enforcement Directorate (ED), and challenges mounted by the accused individuals have contributed to a highly scrutinized and intricate legal landscape. This case has been marked by legal challenges, investigations, arrests, and court hearings, with the accused contesting the allegations while enforcement agencies pursue their investigations and present their findings before the judiciary. Ultimately, the case demands a meticulous and balanced approach, upholding the principles of justice, while ensuring the preservation of ethical standards and the rule of law within the realms of governance and public service.

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