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Ministry of Law & Justice is going to draw a Gram Nyayalayas Bill with an objective to secure justice, both civil and criminal, at the grass-root level to the citizens, which would be the lowest court of subordinate judiciary and shall provide easy access to justice to litigant through friendly procedures, use of local language and mobile courts wherever necessary. 

Last but not the least Plea bargaining - With the insertion of new Chapter XXI-A in the Code of Criminal Procedure by Act 2 of 2006, the concept of “Plea Bargaining” became a reality and part of our criminal jurisprudence. The practice of plea bargaining is prevalent in western countries, particularly the United States, the United Kingdom and Australia. In the United States, plea bargaining has gained very high popularity, whereas it is applied only in a restricted sense in the other two countries. Plea bargaining benefits both the State and the offender; while the State saves time, money and effort in prosecuting the suspects, the latter gets a lenient punishment by pleading guilty. One of the merits of this system is that it helps the court to manage its load of work and hence it would result in reduction of backlog of cases. 

Plea bargaining apart, if the list of compoundable offences is widened and more offences are included therein and made compoundable, it too will help in making a dent in the mounting arrears and saving time of the courts.

Apart from these measures, increased use of technology, for e.g recording evidence through video conferencing, would reduce the hassles associated with a trial. 

Concluding, If followed properly the above measures would go a long way, to ensure the that ‘’litigation’ for a smooth affair for a litigant, as this is very pertinent to ensure & sustain people’s faith in judiciary, & in the last to nullify the very common bar room anecdote ‘that in the average Indian litigation winner is the loser and the loser is dead’. 

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