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The Competition Act, 2002 is the main topic of the article, along with its parts and goals for eliminating unfair business activities. In accordance with the Act, describe how the Competition Commission of India was founded, who served as its first chairman (including the current one), and what roles, responsibilities, and powers it has. The article ends by discussing the benefits and drawbacks of healthy competition among the marketplaces in every sector or organisation and how CCI is addressing these issues.

What does the 2002 Competition Act entail?

The Competition (Amendment) Act, 2007, revised the Competition Act, which was passed in 2002. It adheres to the principles of contemporary competition laws.

The Act forbids anti-competitive agreements, corporate abuse of dominant positions, and combinations (including acquisitions, takeovers of control, and M&As) that have or are likely to have a materially negative impact on competition in India.

The Competition Commission of India and the Competition Appellate Tribunal have been constituted in compliance with the Amendment Act's requirements.

In 2017, the National Company Law Appellate Tribunal (NCLAT) took the place of the Competition Appellate Tribunal (COMPAT).

Composition of CCI:

According to the Competition Act, the Commission is made up of six members, including a Chairperson, who is chosen by the central government.

The commission is a quasi-judicial entity that deals with other issues as well as providing advice to statutory bodies. All other Members, including the Chairperson, must be full-time Members.

The Chairperson and every other Member shall be a person of ability, integrity, and standing who has been, or is qualified to be, a judge of a High Court, or who has special knowledge of, and professional experience of not less than fifteen years, in international trade, economics, business, commerce, law, finance, accounting, management, industry, public affairs, administration, or in any other matter which, in the Central Government's opinion, may be beneficial to the organisation.

The Competition Act of 2002's goals

An act to establish a commission to guard consumer interests, ensure the opportunity of exchange carried out by various members in markets, prevent practises that have a negative impact on competition, and address issues related to or incidental to that commission while also taking into account the country's financial development. The demonstration is being held to accommodate the Commission's founding:

To guarantee the freedom of trade practised by other market actors in India

Make the commercial sectors operate to the benefit of consumers and with government support.

For the nation's economy to develop and improve more quickly and thoroughly, provide fair and sound competition in financial activities.

Implement competitive strategies with the goal of maximising the use of financial resources.

To ensure that sectoral administrative laws combined with the opposition law are implemented smoothly, establish and maintain successful relationships and alliances with sectoral controllers.

Power of India's Competition Commission:

The setup of the Competition Commission of India was essential to prevent such trade in the more technical and competitive reality that was produced, where industrialised nations often attempt to control markets of the agricultural nations. The Competition Act, 2002's authorization is, to put it as simply as possible, the Competition Commission's most important function. Part IV of the Competition Act of 2002 makes specific arrangements with each of these Commission divisions from Sections 18 to Sections 40.

The Competition Commission is able to conduct investigations into problems relating to anti-competitive agreements and the abuse of dominant position in the Indian markets. The Competition Act makes provisions for these situations in Article 19 and Sections 26 to 28. Hostile to Competitive agreements include ones to fix prices, balance supply, make deceptive offers, and similar things. However, brutal pricing, absurd terms and conditions, and section borders that adversely affect both buyers and small manufacturers trying to join a new market can abuse predominance.

Any gathering or data from the State and Central Governments may be used to register a case relating to the issue. Even so, exercising suo motu insight is within the CCI's purview. The method of the CCI's examination is noted in segment 26. It states that if the Commission establishes a plausible case, the subject is also sent to the Director-General for review. He or she then prepares a report in consultation with the complainant, after which the commission also considers the case and makes an appropriate decision. In accordance with Section 33, it may also submit a request for a break to prevent the group from performing such a protest. Perhaps the most notable application of CCI is the DLF case. DLF was assessed a fine by the commission for misusing its power and conducting irrational exchange rehearsals.

Any statutory authority's judgement should cite the Commission if it contradicts the Competition Act. In accordance with Section 32 of the Act, the Commission will reserve the right to conduct an investigation into any understanding that, despite being made outside of the country, has an impact on India.

The government may use the commission's ideas as well. Although these concepts do not constrain how strategies are carried out, they do help the public authority understand how the opposition is responding to its various initiatives.


Market competition that is fierce is essential for the growth and development of the economy. The public arrangement is in opposition with destructive exchange preparations like the creation of cartels and limiting infrastructures, despite the fact that the Indian economy has advanced from the defensive stance it had over domestic enterprises. Small manufacturers and the general populace are harmed since they now have to agree to absurd terms and conditions imposed by huge parts on the lookout. Contrary to the goal of the economy's worth, the rich are becoming more excessive at the expense of the poor. For monitoring such tactics, a body like the Competition Commission of India is essential.

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