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For the purpose of starting the lawsuit in the Civil/Commercial Courts, the plaint is filed. The rules of the Code will apply to any court hearing civil cases. The Court's dismissal of the complaint is addressed in Order VII of the Code of Civil Procedure. The article will cover the rules, the reasons for rejection, the deadline for resubmitting the complaint after rejection, as well as other useful information. This rule is only a procedural one that only ensures that the Court Fees Act of 1870 is applied correctly.

Important legal provisions under order 7:

Rule 1 Order VII, "Particulars to be Contains in Plaint," of the Code of Civil Procedure of 1908

The following information must be included in the complaint:

(a) the court where the lawsuit is filed its name;

(b) the plaintiff's name, identification, and domicile;

(c) the defendant's name, description, and address, to the extent that they are known;

(d) a declaration to that effect if either the plaintiff or the defendant is a minor or a person of unsound mind;

e) the circumstances giving rise to the action's cause and when it occurred;

f) the evidence demonstrating the Court's jurisdiction;

g) The plaintiff's requested relief;

(h) the amount the plaintiff has permitted a set-off against or waived in relation to a portion of his claim;

I a declaration of the subject-value matter's for jurisdictional and court-fee purposes, to the extent that the case permits.

"In money suits," Rule 2 of Order VII of the Code of Civil Procedure of 1908

When the plaintiff attempts to recover money, the complaint must specify the exact sum demanded:

However, if the plaintiff seeks money damages, an amount that will be determined to be owed to him based on unresolved accounts between him and the defendant, movables in the defendant's possession, or debts for which the plaintiff cannot reasonably estimate the value, the plaint must approximate the sum being sought.

"Where the subject-matter of the claim is immovable property," states Rule 3 of Order VII of the Code of Civil Procedure of 1908.

When immovable property is the subject of the lawsuit, the plaint must include a description of the property that is sufficient to identify it. If the property can also be identified by boundaries or numbers in a settlement or survey record, the plaint must mention those bounds or numbers.

"When Plaintiff Sues as Representative," Rule 4 Order VII of the Code of Civil Procedure of 1908

When a plaintiff files a lawsuit in a representative capacity, the plaint must demonstrate both the plaintiff's true interest in the subject matter and whether or not he has taken the essential actions to enable him to file the lawsuit.

Defendant's interest and obligation must be proven, according to Code of Civil Procedure Order VII Rule 5 from 1908.

The complaint must establish the defendant's interest in the subject matter and his claim to such interest, as well as the fact that he may be required to respond to the plaintiff's demand.

Rule 6 Order VII, "Grounds of Exemption from the Law of Limitation," of the Code of Civil Procedure of 1908

When a lawsuit is brought after the statute of limitations has run out, the plaint must state the justification for the claimed exemption from the law:

As long as the grounds for the plaintiff's request for exemption from the statute of limitations are not in conflict with those stated in the plaint, the court may grant the plaintiff's request.

Rule 11 of order VII, Grounds of Rejection of Plaint under Code of Civil Procedure of 1908

All civil litigation is governed by the requirements of the Civil Procedure Code of 1908 (CPC). According to this Code, the court must decide whether or not a civil lawsuit may be maintained before accepting it for filing. After determining maintainability, the court may choose from these three options:

  • Embrace the complaint,
  • Dispute the complaint,
  • Send the complaint back to the person who filed the lawsuit, or the plaintiff.

As a result, Order 7 Rule 11 establishes the reasons (described below) on which a plaint should be dismissed in order for the court to do its duties.

As a result, Order 7 Rule 11 establishes the reasons (described below) on which a plaint should be dismissed in order for the court to do its duties. Before going over the ground rules, it is important to remember that submitting a plaint is a requirement for starting a lawsuit and that each court must examine the plaint to see whether it is admissible.

Case Law:

  • Somnath V.Tipanna Ramchandra Jannu

According to Order 7 Rule 1(d), the Plaint must explicitly state if the plaintiff or defendant is a minor or of insanity. In this instance, the Bombay High Court ruled that it is the court's responsibility to conduct an investigation. It is not necessary for the plaintiff's next friend to submit a separate application. The plaintiff may be called before the court and questioned in order to gauge his mental competence. A medical evaluation from a doctor may also be necessary for additional support.

  • Jaharlal Pagalia V. Union of India

In this instance, a request to alter the plaint was made. The High Court of Calcutta made the observation while approving the decree that the facts supporting the claim must come before the lawsuit. The cause of action must be stated under Section 80 (Notice) of the CPC. The cause of action and the date it occurred must be disclosed as provided under Order 7, Rule 1 even though the writing of the plaint is a procedural matter (e). The plaintiff lacks locus standi in the absence of a cause of action. Despite the fact that the plaintiff had delayed, the court permitted him to alter the plaint in accordance with Order 6 Rule 17 because the delay had not adversely affected either of the parties to the lawsuit.


The Code of Civil Procedure is a comprehensive statute that outlines the entire process that all Indian civil courts must adhere to. The plaint is what you submit when you start a lawsuit in court. Due care must be taken when drafting it. It must contain all the information provided in Order VII of the Code.

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