Mussalman Wakf Validating Act,1930
Act No : 32
Section : SHORT TITLE
MUSSALMAN WAKF VALIDATING ACT 1930
32 of 1930
25th July, 1930
"Muhammadan Law permits a perpetual bequest in the form of wakf-al-aulad, that is a bequest for the benefit of the testator's descendants. As such, it contravenes the law against perpetuities as enacted in
Section 14 of the Transfer of Property Act, and.Section 114 of the Indian Succession Act. A doubt was cast on this doctrine by the Privy Council in several cases in which their Lordships held such bequests illegal as obnoxious to the rule against perpetuities As Act 6 of 1913 was merely declaratory of the validity of such wakfs, it was understood that it would apply equally to all wakfs whether created before or since that enactment. But as the Courts have held otherwise, this Bill is framed to give that Act retrospective operation.
It is apprehended that Mussalman Wakf Validating Act (6 of 1913) was not intended to introduce a change in the old law being enacted to restore the old rule. This Bill will, if passed, carry out its intention by resolving a doubt resulting from recent cases." -Gazette of India, 1929, Pat V, p.
240. EXTRACT FROM SELECT COMMITTEE REPORT
"Clause 1.- This Bill is designed to give retrospective effect to the Mussalman Wakf Validating Act, 1913, which has already been in operation without retrospective effect for seventeen years. We have decided that the retrospective effect shall not disturb titles which have already vested, either prior to 1913, or between 1913-1930.It follows that two distinct provisions are required, one to give the desired retrospective effect, and the other to save rights which have accrued prior to 1930. We have found it impossible to fit both these provisions into the Act of 1913, and we have accordingly reshaped this Bill not as an amending Bill, but as a distinct Bill to give retrospective effect to the Act of 1913, and have given it the short title of the Mussalman Wakf Validating Act, 1930. We have accordingly amended the long title and preamble.
Clause 2.- We have not been able to accept the substance of this clause without modification, as its effect would have been to disturb titles which had already been acquired in good faith. On the understanding that wakfs of the class contemplated in the Act of 1913 were not valid if created before 1913. We adhere to the sound principle that retrospective legislation should, as far as possible, save vested rights, and we have introduced a proviso to this effect. Otherwise, the clause as amended by us merely declares that the Act of 1913 shall apply to wakfs created before its commencement.
" -Gazette of India, 1930, Part V, page 107.
An Act to give retrospective effect to the Mussalman Wakf Validating Act, 1913. WHEREAS the Mussalman Wakf Validating Act, 1913, does not apply to wakfs created before its enactment; AND WHREAS it is expendient to validate such wakfs without infringing any rights contrary thereto which may have already accrsed or been acquired; It is hereby enacted as follows :-
This Act has been declared to be in force in the Sonthal Parganas by Notification under S. 3 (3) (a) of the Sonthal Parganas Regulation (III of 1872), see B. and 0. Gaz., 1931, Pt. II, p. 903. This Act has been extended to the new Provinces and merged States, by the Merged States (Laws) Act, 1949 (59 of 1949),S. 3(1-1-1950) and to the States of Manipur, Tripura and Vindhya Pradesh bythe Union Territories (Laws) Act, 1950 (30 of 1950),S. 3(16-4-1950): Manipur and Tripura are States now-See Act 81 of 1971, Ss. 3 and 4 (31-12-71). Vindhya Pradesh is a part of M. P. State. It has also been extended to the States merged in the State of- Bombay : see Bom. Act 4 of 1950, S. 3 (30-3-1950). Madhya Pradesh : see M. P. Act 12 of 1950, S. 3 (3-4-1950). It was adopted mutatis mutadis in Madhya Bharat byM.B. Adoption of Laws Act, 1953(1 of l953),S.2and Sch. (24- 1-1953) :
M. B. now forms part of M. P. State. The Act has been extended to the transferred territory in the State of Tamil Nadu, by the Madras (Transferred Territory) Extension of LawsAct, 1960 (23 of 1960), S. 3 and Schedule 1. The Act has now been extended to the Union Territory of Dadra and Nagar Haveli by the Dadra and Nagar Haveli (Laws) Regulation. 1963 (6 of 1963).
SECTION 01: SHORT TITLE
-This Act may be called the Mussalman Wakf Validating Act, 1930.
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