cpc

Sexual Cases under POCSO


As per National Crimes Record Bureau (NCRB),the latest data regarding the total number of sexual assault, aggravated sexual assault, penetrative and aggravated penetrative assault and child pornography cases registered under Protection of Children from Sexual Offences(POCSO) Act, 2012 and total number of cases decided pertains to year 2017. The State-wise data is at Annexure-I.

The Protection of Children from Sexual Offences (POCSO) Act, 2012 has adequateprovisions ensuring speedy trial under the Act. Section 28 of the POCSO Act 2012 provides for establishment of Special Courts for the purpose of providing speedy trial. Further, Section 35 of the POCSO Act provides that the evidence of the child shall be recorded within a period of thirty days of the Special Court taking cognizance of the offence and reasons for delay, if any, shall be recorded by the Special Court. Further, Section 35 also lays down that the Special Court shall complete the trial, as far as possible, within a period of one year from the date of taking cognizance of the offence. 

However, Police and Public Order are State subjects under the Seventh Schedule to the Constitution of India. The responsibilities to maintain law and order, protection of life and property of the citizens including children, rest primarily with the respective State Governments and UT Administration.

Besides, the Government of India has taken the following steps to ensure speedy dispensation of justice:

  1. In furtherance to The Criminal Law (Amendment) Act, 2018, the Government has finalized a scheme in August, 2019 for setting up of total of 1023 Fast Track Special Courts (FTSCs) across the country for expeditious trial and disposal of pending cases pertaining to rape and POCSO Act, 2012, in a time-bound manner under Centrally Sponsored Scheme. The Scheme is for one year spread over two financial years i.e.2019-20 and 2020-21. 
  1. The Criminal Law (Amendment) Act, 2013 was enacted for effective deterrence against sexual offences. Further, the Criminal Law (Amendment) Act, 2018 was enacted to prescribe even more stringent penal provisions including death penalty for rape of a girl below age of 12 years. The Act also inter-alia mandates completion of investigation and trials within 2 months each. 
  • A “National Database on Sexual Offenders” has been launched on 20th September, 2018 to facilitate investigation and tracking of sexual offenders across the country by law enforcement agencies. 
  1. An online analytic tool for police called “Investigation Tracking System for Sexual Offences” has been launched on 19.02.2019 to monitor and track time-bound investigation on sexual assault cases in accordance with the Criminal Law (Amendment) Act, 2018. 
  1. In order to improve investigation, steps have been taken to strengthen DNA analysis units in Central and State Forensic Science Laboratories. This includes setting up of a State-of-the-Art DNA Analysis Unit in Central Forensic Science Laboratory, Chandigarh. 
  1. Guidelines have been notified for collection of forensic evidence in sexual assault cases and the standard composition in a Sexual Assault Evidence Collection Kit. A total number of 6023 officers have been trained by the Bureau of Police Research and Development (BPR&D) and LokNayakJayaprakash Narayan National Institute of Criminology and Forensic Science. BPR&D has distributed 3,120 Sexual Assault Evidence Collection Kits to State Governments/UT Administration as orientation kit as part of training.
  • A scheme namely Cyber Crime Prevention against Women and Children (CCPWC) has been approved under which an online cybercrime reporting portal (www.cybercrime.gov.in) has been launched on 20th September, 2018 to enable public to report complaints pertaining to child pornography/ child sexual abuse material, rape/gang rape imageries or sexually explicit content.

Annexure-I

 

SL

State/UT

Protection of Children from Sexual Offences Act (Total)

Section 4 & 6 of POCSO Act or POCSO Act  ( Section 4 & 6) r/w Section 376 IPC

Section 8 & 10 of POCSO Act or POCSO Act (Section 8 & 10)  r/w Section 354 IPC

CR

CCS

CON

PAR

PCS

PCV

CR

CCS

CON

PAR

PCS

PCV

CR

CCS

CON

PAR

PCS

PCV

1

Andhra Pradesh

378

295

8

455

455

9

183

163

5

339

285

6

107

88

3

65

109

3

2

Arunachal Pradesh

14

4

0

7

6

0

10

4

0

6

6

0

4

0

0

1

0

0

3

Assam

1149

733

52

1356

1017

53

788

569

46

944

795

46

206

121

6

247

167

7

4

Bihar

1356

809

34

1710

907

35

599

402

21

813

465

21

697

377

11

833

404

12

5

Chhattisgarh

1676

1576

345

1890

1856

409

1095

995

223

1191

1165

269

525

511

109

608

606

126

6

Goa

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

7

Gujarat

1697

1712

12

2333

2329

17

1233

1274

9

1733

1707

11

311

300

3

411

434

6

8

Haryana

1139

941

183

1258

1237

218

656

561

125

769

759

147

367

289

49

375

368

59

9

Himachal Pradesh

8

12

1

14

12

1

2

2

0

2

2

0

3

3

0

4

3

0

10

Jammu & Kashmir

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

11

Jharkhand

385

230

17

339

270

25

253

183

13

227

191

21

28

16

2

24

22

2

12

Karnataka

1956

1975

122

2600

2510

139

1308

1430

90

1841

1815

106

367

319

17

409

386

17

13

Kerala

1169

892

33

1258

958

33

250

223

5

239

221

5

524

378

13

538

422

13

14

Madhya Pradesh

1569

1510

284

2275

2014

492

964

908

160

1346

1234

316

571

569

114

881

737

158

15

Maharashtra

5248

4507

498

6991

5321

566

2387

2152

233

3180

2546

284

2746

2250

254

3660

2656

273

16

Manipur

29

32

3

23

34

4

15

22

2

16

22

2

10

9

1

6

11

2

17

Meghalaya

242

151

5

269

207

5

164

98

2

201

144

2

70

46

3

59

54

3

18

Mizoram

194

186

48

196

192

48

129

123

31

131

129

31

57

55

14

57

55

14

19

Nagaland

41

37

9

45

37

16

26

22

4

29

22

9

14

14

4

15

14

6

20

Odisha

249

436

11

454

454

11

150

186

8

204

204

8

46

129

0

129

129

0

21

Punjab

489

384

60

528

543

79

375

290

55

375

395

72

65

45

2

89

82

4

22

Rajasthan

1180

905

89

1164

1150

110

621

506

79

636

623

97

268

189

6

254

253

6

23

Sikkim

87

93

19

124

115

23

55

61

15

83

76

19

25

26

4

34

33

4

24

Tamil Nadu

1587

1642

154

2406

1992

180

1154

1209

110

1776

1469

131

291

297

26

407

346

29

25

Telangana

1632

1061

31

1833

1355

38

1022

685

22

1249

907

28

395

230

6

349

273

7

26

Tripura

139

132

19

192

162

21

90

98

17

152

124

19

47

34

2

39

38

2

27

Uttar Pradesh

4895

4079

819

6303

6287

1796

1609

1412

404

1945

1930

870

3018

2470

389

4011

3949

885

28

Uttarakhand

191

146

17

154

153

17

180

135

17

142

142

17

4

4

0

4

4

0

29

West Bengal

2131

1723

39

1923

1924

41

1197

875

32

1008

990

34

627

490

6

553

504

6

 

TOTAL STATE(S)

30830

26203

2912

38100

33497

4386

16515

14588

1728

20577

18368

2571

11393

9259

1044

14062

12059

1644

30

A&N Islands

65

75

1

80

93

1

49

54

0

66

71

0

13

17

0

11

17

0

31

Chandigarh

3

2

0

3

2

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

32

D&N Haveli

12

6

3

8

8

3

6

3

3

5

5

3

2

1

0

1

1

0

33

Daman & Diu

5

3

0

7

7

0

3

1

0

3

3

0

1

1

0

1

1

0

34

Delhi

1623

1714

104

2209

2002

110

940

911

64

1153

1055

66

598

709

35

915

835

39

35

Lakshadweep

4

4

0

22

21

0

3

3

0

20

20

0

1

1

0

2

1

0

36

Puducherry

66

56

0

59

62

0

41

34

0

44

46

0

8

7

0

9

9

0

 

TOTAL UT(S)

1778

1860

108

2388

2195

114

1042

1006

67

1291

1200

69

623

736

35

939

864

39

 

TOTAL (ALL INDIA)

32608

28063

3020

40488

35692

4500

17557

15594

1795

21868

19568

2640

12016

9995

1079

15001

12923

1683

Source: Crime in India

                                   

Annexure-I

 

SL

State/UT

Section 12 of POCSO Act or POCSO Act (Section 12) r/w Section 509 IPC

Section 14 & 15 of POCSO Act

POCSO Act  r/w Section 377 IPC

Sections 17 to 22 of POCSO Act

CR

CCS

CON

PAR

PCS

PCV

CR

CCS

CON

PAR

PCS

PCV

CR

CCS

CON

PAR

PCS

PCV

CR

CCS

CON

PAR

PCS

PCV

1

Andhra Pradesh

84

26

0

47

45

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

2

1

0

2

1

0

2

17

0

2

15

0

2

Arunachal Pradesh

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

3

Assam

69

39

0

79

51

0

3

2

0

3

2

0

82

2

0

82

2

0

1

0

0

1

0

0

4

Bihar

10

5

0

11

10

0

26

5

0

27

7

0

23

19

2

25

20

2

1

1

0

1

1

0

5

Chhattisgarh

24

20

4

31

27

4

6

6

3

7

7

3

14

13

3

20

20

3

12

31

3

33

31

4

6

Goa

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

7

Gujarat

23

22

0

35

35

0

1

1

0

1

1

0

25

23

0

40

39

0

104

92

0

113

113

0

8

Haryana

77

59

7

77

76

10

2

1

0

1

1

0

29

24

2

28

25

2

8

7

0

8

8

0

9

Himachal Pradesh

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

5

0

5

5

0

3

2

1

3

2

1

0

0

0

0

0

0

10

Jammu & Kashmir

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

11

Jharkhand

42

2

0

33

2

0

24

8

2

17

17

2

6

3

0

6

6

0

32

18

0

32

32

0

12

Karnataka

205

141

8

235

212

8

47

38

3

72

54

4

8

8

1

8

12

1

21

39

3

35

31

3

13

Kerala

104

72

0

106

77

0

109

76

10

166

72

10

148

115

2

160

132

2

34

28

3

49

34

3

14

Madhya Pradesh

7

7

6

11

11

13

8

6

0

11

11

0

19

20

4

26

21

5

0

0

0

0

0

0

15

Maharashtra

36

29

6

48

34

4

9

11

0

14

13

0

68

54

5

75

60

5

2

11

0

14

12

0

16

Manipur

3

1

0

0

1

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

1

0

0

1

0

0

17

Meghalaya

2

2

0

2

2

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

1

1

0

1

1

0

5

4

0

6

6

0

18

Mizoram

8

8

3

8

8

3

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

19

Nagaland

1

1

1

1

1

1

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

20

Odisha

3

2

0

2

2

0

8

22

3

22

22

3

0

0

0

0

0

0

42

97

0

97

97

0

21

Punjab

1

0

0

0

0

0

32

36

0

32

45

0

15

12

3

31

20

3

1

1

0

1

1

0

22

Rajasthan

19

14

0

22

22

0

84

64

1

84

84

2

30

23

0

29

29

0

158

109

3

139

139

5

23

Sikkim

4

3

0

4

3

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

3

3

0

3

3

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

24

Tamil Nadu

92

91

7

127

105

7

8

8

1

13

16

1

27

14

8

37

29

10

15

23

2

46

27

2

25

Telangana

200

138

3

219

167

3

1

1

0

5

1

0

10

2

0

3

2

0

4

5

0

8

5

0

26

Tripura

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

2

0

0

1

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

27

Uttar Pradesh

84

63

11

90

100

16

4

1

4

4

4

11

71

66

7

75

80

9

109

67

4

178

224

5

28

Uttarakhand

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

7

7

0

8

7

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

29

West Bengal

166

124

1

138

132

1

2

12

0

1

12

0

14

12

0

18

16

0

125

210

0

205

270

0

 

TOTAL STATE(S)

1264

869

57

1326

1123

70

374

303

27

485

374

36

607

424

38

681

527

43

677

760

18

969

1046

22

30

A&N Islands

3

3

0

3

3

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

1

0

0

1

0

1

0

0

2

0

31

Chandigarh

3

2

0

3

2

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

32

D&N Haveli

4

2

0

2

2

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

33

Daman & Diu

1

1

0

3

3

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

34

Delhi

38

49

2

70

57

2

0

0

0

0

0

0

47

45

3

61

55

3

0

0

0

10

0

0

35

Lakshadweep

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

36

Puducherry

16

15

0

5

7

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

1

0

0

1

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

 

TOTAL UT(S)

65

72

2

86

74

2

0

0

0

0

0

0

48

45

4

62

55

4

0

1

0

10

2

0

 

TOTAL (ALL INDIA)

1329

941

59

1412

1197

72

374

303

27

485

374

36

655

469

42

743

582

47

677

761

18

979

1048

22

Source: Crime in India

                                               

This information was given by the Minister of Women and Child Development, Smriti Zubin Irani, in a written reply in the Lok Sabha today.

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