cpc

Children in Conflict with Law


As per information provided by National Crime Records Bureau (NCRB), State/UT-wise cases reported against children in conflict with law (CCL) and number of CCL apprehended under Indian Penal Code (IPC) and Special & Local Laws (SLL) Crimes (IPC+SLL) during 2013-2017 is at Annexure-I. Latest data pertains to the year 2017. State/UT-wise number of under trials under 16-18 years of age group in jails as on 31.12.2017 is at Annexure-II.

As per Section 2 (13) of Juvenile Justice (Care and Protection of Children) Act, 2015 (JJ Act), “child in conflict with law” means a child who is alleged or found to have committed an offence and who has not completed eighteen years of age on the date of commission of such offence”. Section 53 of the Act prescribes various rehabilitation and reintegration services to be provided in institutions for children. These include: basic requirements such as food and shelter; appropriate education including supplementary education; skill development, recreational facilities, mental health interventions, etc. Under Section 8 and 30 of the Act, the Juvenile Justice Board and Child Welfare Committee are required to conduct at least one inspection visit every month  and every fortnight respectively of residential facilities for children in conflict with law and recommend action for improvement in quality of services to the District Child Protection Unit and the State Government. Further the State Governments have to appoint Inspection Committees, under section 54 of the Act, to assess the basic facilities and infrastructure of the Institution to ascertain whether the Institution is maintaining their standards as prescribed as per section 53 of the Act and as provided under the Rules 29 -38 of  Juvenile Justice (Care and Protection of Children) Model Rules,  2016  framed under JJ Act, relating to physical infrastructure, clothing/bedding/toiletries, sanitation & hygiene, Nutrition and Diet scale, Medical care, mental health, Education, Vocational training, Recreational facilities etc. Further, under Section 41 of the Act, registration of institutions including Homes for children in conflict with law has been made mandatory with penalty in case of non-compliance. The Ministry has been requesting the State Governments/UT Administrations from time to time to identify and register all CCIs under relevant provisions of JJ Act and set up functional inspection and other Committees to ensure that children in all the CCIs receive the best of care, and are not subjected to any kind of abuse and neglect. The primary responsibility of implementation of the Act lies with the State Governments/ UT Administrations concerned.

The Ministry of Women and Child Development is also implementing a centrally sponsored Child Protection Services (CPS) Scheme (erstwhile Integrated Child Protection Scheme) for supporting the children in difficult circumstances. The primary responsibility of implementation of the scheme lies with the State Governments/UT Administrations. Under the provisions of the CPS, Central Government is providing financial assistance to the States/UTs for undertaking a situational analysis of children in difficult circumstances. Under the scheme institutional care to Children in Need of Care and Protection (CNCP) and Children in Conflict with Law (CCL) is provided in Child Care Institutions (CCIs) as a rehabilitative measure.

Annexure-I

 

State/UT-wise Juveniles Apprehended under IPC and SLL Crimes (IPC+SLL) During 2013-2017

SL

State/UT

2013

2014

2015

2016

2017

Cases Reported against Juveniles

Total Juveniles Apprehended

Juveniles Cases pending disposal at End of Year

Cases Reported against Juveniles

Total Juveniles Apprehended

Juveniles Cases pending disposal at End of Year

Cases Reported against Juveniles

Total Juveniles Apprehended

Juveniles Cases pending disposal at End of Year

Cases Reported against Juveniles

Total Juveniles Apprehended

Juveniles Cases pending disposal at End of Year

Cases Reported against Juveniles

Total Juveniles Apprehended

Juveniles Cases pending disposal at End of Year

1

Andhra Pradesh

2260

3133

1091

883

1018

731

1015

1371

1168

809

1229

1050

1122

1441

1560

2

Arunachal Pradesh

118

122

4

81

126

9

66

156

123

57

80

162

48

98

95

3

Assam

624

680

101

487

553

55

624

734

78

436

480

86

192

191

215

4

Bihar

2104

2104

562

4371

6404

1791

1658

1674

580

2335

2626

651

1142

1347

699

5

Chhattisgarh

2193

2544

1046

1691

2006

603

1914

2290

1344

1953

2394

2515

1952

2417

3542

6

Goa

67

72

33

64

113

91

28

35

90

21

26

92

24

29

105

7

Gujarat

2132

2478

852

4380

4647

997

1577

1957

1418

1681

2085

1530

2013

2363

2824

8

Haryana

1198

1410

909

1041

1181

701

1098

1333

1212

1186

1358

1316

1030

1196

1586

9

Himachal Pradesh

171

227

99

272

342

260

195

241

203

204

263

159

184

226

222

10

Jammu & Kashmir

105

136

60

102

139

98

181

249

122

198

319

76

187

262

182

11

Jharkhand

355

394

61

150

173

40

124

124

26

140

142

74

75

84

95

12

Karnataka

445

530

144

412

640

154

446

692

312

453

627

248

499

691

748

13

Kerala

773

1237

458

1203

1575

503

1398

1793

560

628

1060

480

481

682

487

14

Madhya Pradesh

6703

7365

1811

6512

7802

3309

6583

7870

3835

7369

8464

4255

6491

7166

7008

15

Maharashtra

6035

8012

1756

5407

7228

2388

5693

7370

2599

6606

7712

3474

6026

7771

8504

16

Manipur

4

7

0

23

36

0

17

25

4

10

12

6

12

14

1

17

Meghalaya

146

154

3

125

169

11

111

141

25

84

93

35

93

114

118

18

Mizoram

85

119

13

44

52

2

41

51

3

53

63

6

21

22

32

 

19

Nagaland

8

14

1

10

10

0

17

33

0

18

25

4

12

22

14

20

Odisha

916

1093

230

838

1077

77

934

1095

177

994

1285

323

1111

1242

416

21

Punjab

344

432

161

277

358

214

111

148

144

117

157

117

215

270

398

22

Rajasthan

2217

2882

368

2309

3041

753

2203

2819

826

2273

2943

1011

2048

2692

1115

23

Sikkim

39

39

0

19

22

3

41

41

26

27

39

53

24

36

19

24

Tamil Nadu

2735

3142

948

1549

1892

833

1814

2421

1759

2217

2810

2154

2376

2919

3032

25

Telangana

931

1060

273

1252

1448

489

998

1182

863

1365

1255

1048

26

Tripura

63

146

18

64

78

52

37

43

54

25

42

50

37

37

40

27

Uttar Pradesh

1189

1424

632

1397

1599

1356

1006

1120

754

1438

1587

200

825

889

922

28

Uttarakhand

231

309

0

123

178

32

127

161

9

124

151

24

159

182

153

29

West Bengal

793

927

324

1566

1837

1796

562

651

2114

709

838

2089

577

733

1625

 

TOTAL STATE(S)

34053

41132

11685

36331

45356

17132

30873

38086

20054

33163

40092

23103

30341

36391

36805

30

A&N Islands

8

8

0

14

19

144

13

16

135

12

13

123

16

25

116

31

Chandigarh

82

120

44

116

165

65

100

147

66

96

141

68

159

164

121

32

D&N Haveli

13

26

26

6

6

0

17

20

19

0

10

29

11

15

40

33

Daman & Diu

10

14

14

2

3

0

3

3

0

7

8

8

10

14

19

34

Delhi

1638

2140

267

1969

2547

648

2366

3039

1217

2499

3808

1811

2965

3666

4096

35

Lakshadweep

0

0

0

1

1

1

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

36

Puducherry

57

66

66

16

22

8

61

74

71

72

99

84

104

145

228

 

TOTAL UT(S)

1808

2374

417

2124

2763

866

2560

3299

1508

2686

4079

2123

3265

4029

4620

 

TOTAL (ALL INDIA)

35861

43506

12102

38455

48119

17998

33433

41385

21562

35849

44171

25226

33606

40420

41425

                               

Source:CrimeInIndia

 
       

Annexure-II

STATE/UT-WISE NUMBER OF UNDERTRIALS UNDER 16-18 YEARS AGE GROUP IN JAILS AS ON 31.12.2017

S.No.

State/UT

Age 16-18 Years

Male

Female

Total

1

ANDHRA PRADESH

0

0

0

2

ARUNACHAL PRADESH

0

0

0

3

ASSAM

0

0

0

4

BIHAR

0

0

0

5

CHHATTISGARH

0

0

0

6

GOA

0

0

0

7

GUJARAT

0

0

0

8

HARYANA

0

0

0

9

HIMACHAL PRADESH

0

0

0

10

JAMMU & KASHMIR

0

0

0

11

JHARKHAND

0

0

0

12

KARNATAKA

0

0

0

13

KERALA

0

0

0

14

MADHYA PRADESH

0

0

0

15

MAHARASHTRA

0

0

0

16

MANIPUR

0

0

0

17

MEGHALAYA

0

0

0

18

MIZORAM

0

0

0

19

NAGALAND

0

0

0

20

ODISHA

0

0

0

21

PUNJAB

0

0

0

22

RAJASTHAN

0

0

0

23

SIKKIM

0

0

0

24

TAMILNADU

0

0

0

25

TELANGANA

0

0

0

26

TRIPURA

0

0

0

27

UTTAR PRADESH

0

0

0

28

UTTARAKHAND

0

0

0

29

WEST BENGAL

42

4

46

TOTAL (STATES)

42

4

46

30

A & N ISLANDS

0

0

0

31

CHANDIGARH

0

0

0

32

D & N HAVELI

0

0

0

33

DAMAN & DIU

0

0

0

34

DELHI

0

0

0

35

LAKSHADWEEP

0

0

0

36

PUDUCHERRY

0

0

0

TOTAL (UTs)

0

0

0

TOTAL (ALL-INDIA)

42

4

46

* As per data provided by States/UTs

     

Source: Prison Statistics India-2017

     

This information was given by the Minister of Women and Child Development, Smriti Zubin Irani, in a written reply in the Lok Sabha today.

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