Cases Filed Under POCSO


The number of cases registered under the Protection of Children from Sexual Offences (POCSO) Act, 2012 in the last three reports of NCRB is at Annexure-I.

Police and public order are State subjects under the Seventh Schedule to the Constitution of India. The responsibilities to maintain law and order, protection of life and property of the citizens including children, rest primarily with the respective State Governments and UT Administration. The State Governments and UT Administrations are competent to deal with such offences under the extant provisions of laws. The data regarding crime against children is available on the website of National Crimes Record Bureau i.e. www.ncrb.gov.in.

Further under Section 2(14) (ii) of the Juvenile Justice (Care and Protection of Children) Act, 2015 (JJ Act), such children are considered as children in need of care and protection deserving the security net of Institutional and non-Institutional care under the JJ Act. Under the Act a stringent penalty shall be imposed on whosoever employs or uses any child for the purpose of begging or causes any child to beg. The primary responsibility of execution of the Act lies with the States/UTs.

The Government has taken a number of other initiatives for prevention of crime against children which includes:

  1. The Government is implementing a centrally sponsored Child Protection Services (CPS) scheme (erstwhile Integrated Child Protection Scheme) for supporting the children in need of care and protection (CNCP). The primary responsibility of implementation of the scheme lies with the State Governments/UT Administrations. Under the scheme, institutional care to CNCP and Children in Conflict with Law is provided in Child Care Institutions (CCIs). The scheme also provides for non-institutional care wherein support is extended for adoption, foster care and sponsorship. The scheme supports 24x7 outreach helpline service for children in distress. This service is available through a dedicated toll free number, 1098 which can be accessed by children in crisis or by adults on their behalf from any place in the geographical location of India.
  2. The Criminal Law (Amendment) Act, 2013 was enacted for effective deterrence against sexual offences. Further, the Criminal Law (Amendment) Act, 2018 was enacted to prescribe even more stringent penal provisions including death penalty for rape of a girl below age of 12 years. The Act also inter-alia mandates completion of investigation and trials within 2 months each.
  3. The Government of India notified the Protection of Children from Sexual Offences (Amendment) Act, 2019 effective from 16.08.2019. The POCSO Act has been amended in order to make it more effective in dealing with cases of child sexual abuse in the country.Additionally the Government has taken various steps from time to time to create awareness of the provisions of the POCSO Act through electronic and print media, consultations, workshops and training programmes with stakeholders concerned. Further, National Commission for Protection of Child Rights (NCPCR) and State Commission for Protection of Child Rights (SCPCRs) are also mandated to monitor the implementation of the POCSO Act.
  4. A cyber-crime portal has been launched for citizens to report obscene content.
  5. A “National Database on Sexual Offenders” has been launched to facilitate investigation and tracking of sexual offenders across the country by law enforcement agencies.
  6. An online analytic tool for police called “Investigation Tracking System for Sexual Offences” has been launched to monitor and track time-bound investigation on sexual assault cases in accordance with the Criminal Law (Amendment) Act, 2018.
  7. In order to improve investigation, steps have been taken to strengthen DNA analysis units in Central and State Forensic Science Laboratories. This includes setting up of a State-of-the-Art DNA Analysis Unit in Central Forensic Science Laboratory, Chandigarh.
  8. Guidelines have been notified for collection of forensic evidence in sexual assault cases and the standard composition in a Sexual Assault Evidence Collection Kit. A total number of 6023 officers have been trained by the Bureau of Police Research and Development (BPR&D) and Lok Nayak Jayaprakash Narayan National Institute of Criminology and Forensic Science. BPR&D has distributed 3,120 Sexual Assault Evidence Collection Kits to State Governments/ UT Administration as orientation kit as part of training.

ANNEXURE-I

  

S.No.

State/UT

2015

2016

2017

CR

CR

CR

1

Andhra Pradesh

1054

830

378

2

Arunachal Pradesh

54

59

14

3

Assam

819

821

1149

4

Bihar

187

233

1356

5

Chhattisgarh

1656

1570

1676

6

Goa

79

75

0

7

Gujarat

1609

1408

1697

8

Haryana

988

1020

1139

9

Himachal Pradesh

206

205

8

10

Jammu & Kashmir

30

25

0

11

Jharkhand

182

348

385

12

Karnataka

1526

1565

1956

13

Kerala

1486

1848

1169

14

Madhya Pradesh

4624

4717

1569

15

Maharashtra

4816

4815

5248

16

Manipur

43

43

29

17

Meghalaya

167

151

242

18

Mizoram

169

167

194

19

Nagaland

15

27

41

20

Odisha

1372

1928

249

21

Punjab

666

596

489

22

Rajasthan

1311

1479

1180

23

Sikkim

55

92

87

24

Tamil Nadu

1544

1583

1587

25

Telangana

1394

1158

1632

26

Tripura

133

156

139

27

Uttar Pradesh

4541

4954

4895

28

Uttarakhand

168

218

191

29

West Bengal

1504

2132

2131

30

A&N Islands

39

49

65

31

Chandigarh

62

51

3

32

D&N Haveli

15

11

12

33

Daman & Diu

5

10

5

34

Delhi

1936

1620

1623

35

Lakshadweep

1

5

4

36

Puducherry

49

53

66

TOTAL (ALL INDIA)

34505

36022

32608

Source: Crime in India

This information was given by the Minister of Women and Child Development, Smriti Zubin Irani, in a written reply in the Rajya Sabha today.


 
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