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Regarding admissibility of unregistered sale deed in evidence the supreme court has laid down following principles:

1.   A document required to be registered, if unregistered is not admissible into evidence under Section 49 of the Registration Act.

2.    Such unregistered document can however be used as an evidence of collateral purpose as  provided in the proviso to Section 49 of the  Registration Act.

3.    A collateral transaction must be independent of, or divisible from, the transaction to effect which the law required registration.

4.    A collateral transaction must be a transaction  not itself required to be effected by a  registered document, that is, a transaction creating, etc. any right, title or interest inimmovable property of the value of one  hundred rupees and upwards.

5. If a document is inadmissible in evidence for want   of registration, none of its terms can be admitted  in evidence and that to use a document for the purpose of proving an important clause would not  be using it as a collateral purpose.

6. a document required to be registered, if unregistered, can be admitted in evidence as evidence of a contract in a suit for specific performance.


1.      CIVIL APPEAL NO. 3192 OF 2010 (SC), S. Kaladevi      v. V.R. Somasundaram & Ors.   (Decided o 12/04/2010)                      

2. K.B. Saha and Sons Private Limited v. Development Consultant Limited  (2008) 8 SCC 564

3. Kalavakurti Venkata Subbaiah v. Bala Gurappagari Guruvi Reddy (1999) 7 SCC 114

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Category Civil Law, Other Articles by - Swami Sadashiva Brahmendra Sar