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Articles by Umamageswari Maruthappan

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LLB Notes: First Year: Law Of Torts:Unit 3- Specific Torts II

  Umamageswari Maruthappan    22 November 2021 at 15:29

DOCTRINE OF SOVEREIGN IMMUNITYIntroductionGenerally, a person is liable for his/her own wrongful acts, however, in some cases, vicarious liability may arise. This is when one person is held liable for another person’s act. Winfield explains vic ..


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LLB Notes: First Year: Law Of Torts: Unit 4: Consumer Protection Act, 1986

  Umamageswari Maruthappan    22 November 2021 at 15:29

DEFINITIONS OF CONSUMER, GOODS AND SERVICESIntroductionThe Indian Constitution mandates that every individual should be treated equally without any discrimination, except as provided therein. In a market, both buyers and sellers enjoy equal rights an ..


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LLB NOTES: First Year: Law Of Torts: Unit II: Specific Torts- I

  Umamageswari Maruthappan    12 November 2021 at 17:33

FALSE IMPRISONMENT AND MALICIOUS PROSECUTIONI. FALSE IMPRISONMENTFalse imprisonment, in simple terms, is the detention and restraint of a person that is not authorised by law. It is not necessary that imprisonment must be in jail. In Collins v. Wilco ..


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LLB Notes: First Year: Law Of Torts: Unit II: Specific Torts- I

  Umamageswari Maruthappan    09 November 2021 at 11:22

NUISANCENuisance is the wrong committed by a person by unlawfully interfering with another person’s enjoyment of property or exercise of a lawful right. Any act that disturbs the comfort, health, or safety of a person is nuisance. In Ratanlal & ..


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LLB NOTES: First Year: Law Of Torts: Unit I: Development Of Law Of Torts

  Umamageswari Maruthappan    19 October 2021 at 16:50

Development of Law of TortsTort laws were designed to compensate the injured party by obliging the wrongdoer to compensate for his act or omission. Generally, all torts are wrongs, but all wrongs do not come within the ambit of Torts. Salmond says th ..


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LLB NOTES: First Year: Law Of Torts: Unit II: Specific Torts-I

  Umamageswari Maruthappan    19 October 2021 at 16:50

NEGLIGENCENegligence is defined as the absence of such care as was the duty of the defendant to use or exercise. It is conduct that fails to meet the standard required by law to safeguard others. It can be committed against a person or their property ..


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Can Civil And Criminal Proceedings Be Taken Simultaneously: Concept Explained With Important Judgements

  Umamageswari Maruthappan    08 October 2021 at 18:02

KEY TAKEAWAYS Civil proceedings are initiated against civil wrongs that are private in nature, whereas criminal cases are registered against crimes that affect the society. The procedure of filing a civil case is different from that of a criminal cas ..


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LLB Notes: First Year: Law Of Torts: Distinction Between The Law Of Tort, Contract, Quasi-Contract, And Crime

  Umamageswari Maruthappan    06 October 2021 at 17:17

IntroductionThe word ‘tort’ implies conduct that is twisted or tortuous. It is a civil wrong(eg- defamation is a tort). A person committing tort is called a tort-feasor. The first reported use of the word is in the case of Boulton v. Hard ..


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Afghanistan, The Taliban Takeover And The International System: A Detailed Analysis

  Umamageswari Maruthappan    01 October 2021 at 14:53

KEY TAKEAWAYS The article makes an elaborated analysis on the recent political crisis in Afghanistan. It looks into the history of the country at a glance and the emergence of the Taliban groups. The country had an unstable political history wherein ..


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LLB Notes: First Year: Law Of Torts: Introduction And Principles Of Liability In Tort

  Umamageswari Maruthappan    01 October 2021 at 14:27

A) Constituents of TortTo constitute a tort, the following conditions have to be satisfied: There should be a wrongful act or omission. The act or omission should result in a legal damage to the plaintiff. A legal remedy should be available.Wrongful ..


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