The difference of cognizable and non-cognizable offence ?

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Guest (Querist)
07 August 2010

Tell me what is the difference between these two ,if there is any ?

A V Vishal (Expert)
07 August 2010

Crime can be Cognizable or Non-Cognizable Difference between a cognizable and a non-cognizable offence is that in a non-cognizable offence the Police cannot arrest a person without orders of the court, i.e. without a Court warrant and can investigate into the case only on the express directions of the court to that effect. Therefore, the experience is that in a non-cognizable offence the Police Station officer records the complaint as a non-cognizable offense, commonly referred as a N.C., and advises the complaint or victim to apporach the court for further directions.

In a cognizable offense the police can take cognizance of the offense on its own i.e. it need not wait for the court orders as the law envisages that in such offences permission of the court to the police to investigate the crime is implicit.

adv. rajeev ( rajoo ) (Expert)
07 August 2010

in Non-Cognizable offenses police cannot arrest the accused without the court order, but in cognizable offense a police officer can arrest without any court orders. Such cases are mainly, murder, attempt to murder, rape and in heinous offences

s.subramanian (Expert)
07 August 2010

i concur with vishal

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