The Company Law Committee, which was formed to track the progress consequent to the passing of Companies Act 2019, has presented its report to the Union Finance Minister Nirmala Sitaraman.
The Committee was constituted in September 2019 by the Ministry of Corporate Affairs to further decriminalise the provisions of the Companies Act, 2013 based on their gravity and to take other concomitant measures to provide further Ease of Living for corporates in the country.
In its evaluation, the Committee noted that decriminalization of 16 minor procedural/technical lapses under the Companies Act, 2013 into 'civil wrongs', and adopted a principle based approach to further remove criminality, in case of defaults which can be determined objectively and which, otherwise, lack the element of fraud or do not involve larger public interest.
In the first chapter of the report, the Committee has proposed amendments in 46 penal provisions, so as to either remove criminality, or to restrict the punishment to only fine, or to allow rectification of defaults through alternative methods, which would lead to further de-clogging of the criminal justice system in the country.
Following are the key recommendations made under Chapter 1 of the report:
a. Re-categorising 23 offences out of the 66 remaining compoundable offences under the Act, to be dealt with in the in-house adjudication framework wherein these defaults would be subject to a penalty levied by an adjudicating officer. In addition, the quantum of penalties recommended is lower than the quantum of fines presently provided in the Act.
b. Omitting, altogether, 7 compoundable offences; limiting punishment for 11 compoundable offences to only fine by removing provision for imprisonment and recommending that 5 offences be dealt under alternative frameworks;
c. Reducing the quantum of penalties in respect of 6 provisions, which were shifted to the in-house adjudication framework through the recently passed Companies (Amendment) Act, 2019;
d. Retention of status-quo in case of the non-compoundable offences.
In Chapter 2, which deals with Ease of Living for legally compliant corporates, following measures have been recommended:
- Power to exclude certain class of companies from the definition of 'listed company', mainly for listing of debt securities, in consultation with SEBI;
- Clarifying the trial court's jurisdiction on the basis of place of commission of offence under Section 452, for wrongful withholding of property of a company by its officers/employees;
- Including the provisions of Part IXA (Producer Companies) of the Companies Act, 1956 in the Companies Act, 2013;
- Proposing benches of the National Company Law Appellate Tribunal;
- Provisions for allowing payment of adequate remuneration to non-executive directors in case of inadequacy of profits, by aligning the same with the provisions for remuneration to executive directors in such cases;
- Relaxing provisions related to imposition of higher additional fees under third proviso to Section 403(1)
- Extending applicability of Section 446B (lower penalties for small companies and one person companies) to all provisions which attract monetary penalties and extending the benefit to producer companies and start-ups also;
- Excluding certain companies/bodies corporate from applicability of Section 89 (declaration of beneficial interest in shares) and Chapter XXII (companies incorporated outside India);
- Reducing timelines so as to speed up rights issues under Section 62;
- Extending exemptions from filing of certain resolutions to certain classes of non-banking financial companies under Section 117 in consultation with RBI;
- Providing power to enhance the thresholds which trigger applicability of Corporate Social Responsibility provisions;
Non-levy of penalties for delay in filing the annual returns and financial statements in certain cases.
On issues such as disqualification of directors, filing of appeals against the orders of Regional Directors, and debarment of audit firms, the Committee has suggested that its recommendations shall be looked at a later stage after conducting a wider consultation.