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mohan   23 October 2020

What are the steps for recruitment followed by govt. agency?

Important information on overall process of recruitment, in general, followed by recruiting agencies/UPSC: 

What is the overall process of recruitment by recruiting agencies/UPSC?

Following steps are followed for recruitment –

(1) Examination (written test & Interview)
(2) Merit List
(3) Selection
(4) Recommendation.


(1) What is Examination?

Commission conducts Examination through written test and interview. Sometimes through interview only.

(2) What is Merit list?

After personality test, candidates will be arranged in the order of merit as determined by the aggregate marks finally awarded to each candidate.  This is termed as "Merit list".

(3) What is selection? 

After merit list was prepared, commission recommends the candidates with respect to numbers of unreserved vacancies (UR) purely on Merit basis i.e in order of aggregate marks. 
For filling up the above said unreserved vacancies (UR), commission recommends all categories candidates, General, SC, ST, and OBC purely on Merit/marks basis, without any relaxation.

After that,  commission recommends the  reserve categories belongs to  SC ,ST and OBC candidates  against numbers of  reserve vacancies by relaxing general qualifying standard.

Please note, the reserve categories candidates, belongs to SC,ST, OBC,  who are are not avail any relaxation,  had scored general qualifying marks will not be recommended against vacancies advertised for reservation of SC, ST, OBC.

Further, commission maintains a reserve list/waiting list of candidates which will include candidates from general and reserved categories ranking in order of merit below the last recommended candidate under each category.

(4) What is recommendation?  

Commission recommends the candidates against the number of vacancies category wise (through main list) and then from reserve list against the non joining candidates of the respective categories.

(5) Is Selection and recommendation having same meaning? 

Ans : No. 
Because all the candidates selected in selection process will not be recommended. As example, few candidates of Reserve panel will not be recommended when no more vacancies, due to non- joining, are created latter on.

(6) All the selected candidates will be recommended or not?

Ans :  No. 
Few candidates  selected and were placed reserve list will not be recommended if no more vacancies due to non-joining of main list latter created. 

(7) Is Main list earlier selection and Reserve list is latter selection?

Ans : No. 
Reserve list/Waiting list got already selected with Main list. But reserve list was not published out to public at that time. It is operated on receipt of formal request from department/Ministry. Hence, all the candidates of main list and reserve list are from same selection. 

(8) How seniority is fixed of all the recommended candidates?

Seniority will be determined in order of merit in a selection i.e in order of aggregate marks.

(9) Can Waiting list candidates get better seniority than main list?

The candidates of reserve list who were selected without any relaxation, having higher marks than main list reserve categories belongs to SC ST OBC, will be placed higher in seniority  as per their merit position in Merit list initially drawn by commission. Hence, seniority list of all the candidates including reserve list/ waiting list will be prepared on order of marks.

(10) Is seniority of a candidate dependent on order of recommendation by commission?

Ans. No.
Recommendation of candidates in a selection dependent on various factors, like vacancies of a category, antecedent issue, even some time court cases against a candidate, court case to a category/categories (UR SC ST OBC). Only Merit/ Marks are yardstick of seniority of the candidates in a particular selection.

 3 Replies

Isaac Gabriel (Advocate)     23 October 2020

Recruitment to Government service is made through Public Service Commission, publication trough press and calling list from Employmwnt Exchanges. Is it legal query

kavksatyanarayana (subregistrar/supdt.(retired))     23 October 2020

It is not a legal query.  Ask your tutors.

Dr J C Vashista (Lawyer)     24 October 2020

I endorse expert's advise.

No legal issue / dispute is involved in the facts posted by you, which may be considered and obliged by experts on this platform. 

However, if you still feel strong it would be better to consult a local prudent lawyer or your professor/ teacher / guide or tutor for appreciation of facts /documents, professional advise and necessary proceeding.

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