A court marriage is solemnized before the marriage officer/registrar, usually D.C., Deputy Commissioner of the area (Sub registrar/SDM is the marriage officer/registrar only in case when marriage is already solemnized under any other Act and it has to be registered) where both or any of the parties to such a marriage reside permanently or for at least one month. Cost of such a marriage is merely Rs90/- or this fee is subject to vary according to states.
Both the parties to the marriage file a joint application before the marriage officer along with individual affidavit attested by Notary specifying the age (boy 21yrs & girl 18yrs), place of residence, marital status (unmarried or divorcee as the case maybe), mental status (not idiot or not with unfit mind), not related to each other.
Along with this, you have to give proof of age (School certificate, Passport, Pan card), proof of residence (Passport, ration card, voter ID card, rent agreement), & the application of such a marriage should be witnessed by 3 independent adult persons, affix one photograph of each of the parties & all the 3 witnesses.
You have made such an application/notice to the marriage officer in person along with all the 3 witnesses. On receiving such an application, the marriage officer issues a month notice regarding the intended marriage & get such a notice affixed on the notice board out side his office, a copy of this notice is forwarded to the marriage officer under whose jurisdiction the other party lives, also a copy is to the individual parties address.
After expiry of the period of notice, a date is fixed on which bride and groom & 3 witnesses appear again before the marriage officer who declare them married & issue a certificate to this regard. In case of any objections raised, the marriage officer will settle these objections. Now what can be objections that can be raised? These can only be regarding the conditions necessary for such marriage & nothing else. What are the conditions? As stated above i.e. Age, martial status, mental status, prohibited relationship (related to each other by blood).
This is the brief procedure. If both the parties are of full legal age, the police will not take any action in such case & any one making such complaint in the police station will not be entertained. No marriage gets cancelled if the parties fulfil all the conditions of marriage. If both the parties belong to same religion, they can also marry according to their religious norms, which will be a valid & legal marriage.