You have lent money to a person after he executed a promissory note.
That person has issued a cheque and it was presented by you through your bank.
The cheque bounced with the reason "Payment countermanded"
You can file either civil suit for recovery of money lent .
You have to file a complaint for bouncing of the cheque and there is limitation period for filing such cheque and a legal notice has to be given stating about bouncing of a cheque and asking him to repay the amount within 15 days. That means you have to file suit only after 30 days from bouncing date of cheque.
But, when the payment is countermanded, it amounts to cheating. Contact a local advocate immediately and commence proceedings as expeditiously as possible.