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samuel singh (self)     19 October 2011

Anticipatory bail duration

what is the duration of anti bail.fresh regular bail needed or not after anti bail.pls give any recent ruling of sc.



Learning

 9 Replies

Nadeem Qureshi (Advocate/ nadeemqureshi1@gmail.com)     19 October 2011

Dear samual

Read it

438. Direction for grant of bail to person apprehending arrest.

 

(1) When any person has reason to believe that he may be arrested on an accusation of having committed a non-bailable offence, he may apply to the High Court or the Court of Session for direction under this section; and that court may, if it thinks fit, direct that in the even of such arrest, he shall be released on bail.

 

(2) When the High Court or the Court of Session makes a direction under sub- section (1), it may include such conditions in such directions in the light of the facts of the particular case, as it may thinks fit, including -

 

(i) A condition that the person shall make himself available for interrogation by a police officer and when required;

 

(ii) A condition that the person shall not, directly or indirectly,- make any inducement, threat or promise to any person acquainted with the facts of the case so as to dissuade him from disclosing such facts to the court or to any police officer,

 

(iii) A condition that the person shall not leave India without the previous permission of the court;

 

(iv) Such other condition as may be imposed under sub-section (3) of section 437, as if the bail were granted -under that section.

 

(3) If such person is thereafter arrested without warrant by an officer in charge of a police station on such accusation, and is prepared either at the time of arrest or at any time while in the custody of such officer to give bail, he shall be released on bail, and if a Magistrate taking cognizance of such offence decides that a warrant should issue in the first instance against that person, he shall issue a bailable warrant in conformity with the direction of the court under sub-section (1).

 

STATE AMENDMENTS

 

Maharashtra:

 

For section 438, the following section shall be substituted, namely.

 

"438 Direction for grant of bail to person apprehending arrest.-(1) When any person has reason to believe that he may be arrested on an accusation of having committed a non-bailable offence, he may apply to the High Court or the Court of Session for a direction under this section that in the event of such arrest, he shall be released on bail; and that court may, after taking into consideration, inter alia, the following factors.

 

(i) The nature and gravity or seriousness of the accusation as apprehended by the applicant;

 

(ii) The antecedents of the applicant including the fact as to whether he has, on conviction by a court previously undergone imprisonment for a term in respect of any cognizable offence;

 

(iii) The likely object of the accusation to humiliate or malign the reputation of the applicant by having him so arrested, and

 

(iv) The possibility of the applicant, if granted anticipatory bail, fleeing from justice, either reject the application forth with or issue an interim order for the grant of anticipatory bail:

 

Provided that where the High Court or, as the case may be, the Court of Session, has not passed any interim order under this sub-section or has rejected the application for grant of anticipatory bail, it shall be open to an officer in charge of a police station to arrest, without warrant the applicant on the basis of the accusation apprehended in such application.

 

(2) Where the High Court or, as the case may be, the Court of Session, consider it expedient to issue an interim order to grant anticipatory bail under sub-section (1), the court shall indicate therein the date, on which the application for grant of, anticipatory bail shall be finally heard for passing an order thereon, as the court may deem fit; and if the court passes any order granting anticipatory bail, such order shall include inter area the following conditions, namely:-

 

(i) That the applicant shall make himself available for interrogation by a police officer as and when required;

 

(ii) That the applicant shall not, directly or indirectly, make any inducement, threat or promise to any person acquainted with the facts of the accusation against him so as to dissuade him from disclosing such facts to the court or to any police officer,

 

(iii) That the applicant shall not leave India without the previous permission of the court: and

 

(iv) Such other conditions as may be imposed under sub-section (3) of section 437 as if the bail was granted under that section.

 

(3) Where the court grants an interim order under sub-section (1), it shall forthwith cause a notice, being not less than seven days notice, together with a copy of such order to be served on the Public Prosecutor and the Commissioner of Police, or as the case may be, the concerned Superintendent of police. With a view to give the Public Prosecutor a reasonable opportunity of being heard when the application shall be finally heard by the court.

 

(4) The presence of the applicant seeking anticipatory bail shall be obligatory, at the time of final hearing of the application and passing of final order by the court, if on an application made to it by the Public Prosecutor, the court considers such presence necessary in the interest of justice.

 

(5) On the date indicated in the interim order under sub-section (2), the court shall hear the Public Prosecutor and the applicant and after due consideration of their contentions, it may either confirm, modify or cancel the interim order made under subsection (1).

 

[Vide Maharashtra Act 24 of 1993. sec. 2 (w.e.f. 28-7-1993)].

 

Orissa

 

In sub-section (1) of section 438, the following proviso shall be added, namely.

 

"Provided that where the apprehended accusation relates to an offence punishable with death, imprisonment for life or imprisonment for a term of not less than seven years, no final order shall be made on such application without giving the State notice to present its case".

 

[Vide Orissa Act 11 of 1988, sec. 2 (w.e.f 28-6-1988)].

 

Uttar Pradesh

 

Section 438 shall be omitted.

[Vide U.P. Act -16 of 1976, Sec. 9 (w.e.f. 28-1 1-1976)].

 

West Bengal

 

'For sub-section (1) of section 438, the following sub-sections shall be substituted, namely.

 

(1)

(a) When any person has reason to believe that he may be arrested on an accusation of' having committed a non-bailable offence, he may apply to the High Court or the Court of Session for a direction under this section that in the event of such arrest, he shall be released on bail:

 

Provided that the mere fact that a person has applied to the High Court or the Court of' Session for a direction under this section shall not, in the absence of any order by that court, be a bar to the apprehension of such person, or the detention of such person in custody, by an officer-in-charge of a police station.

 

(b) The High Court or the Court of Session, as the case may be, shall dispose of an application for a direction under this sub-section within thirty days of the date of such application:

 

Provided that where the apprehended accusation relates to an offence punishable with death, imprisonment for life or imprisonment for a term of not less than seven years, no final order shall be made on such application without giving the State not less than seven days' notice to present its case.

 

(c) If any person is arrested and detained in custody by an officer-in-charge of a police station before the disposal of the application of such person for a direction under this subsection, the release of such person on bail by a court having jurisdiction, pending such disposal shall be subject to the provisions of section 437.

 

(1A) The provisions of sub-section (1) shall have effect notwithstanding anything to the contrary contained elsewhere in this Act or in any judgment, decree or order of any court, tribunal or other authority".

[ Vide W.B. Act 25 of 1990].

2 Like

samuel singh (self)     19 October 2011

i m asking whehter to get a regular bail afer AB or not.pls reconsider

adv. rajeev ( rajoo ) (practicing advocate)     19 October 2011

You have to take the regalar bail surrendring before the police withinthe time period given by the court.  You will get details of conditions in the AB order.  After this you will have to approach the concerned court for regular bail.

1 Like

samuel singh (self)     19 October 2011

but i m out on AB.my counterparts are out on regular bail.doest it make guilty

Dr.Sidharth Arora (Advocate)     19 October 2011

If the co accused are on regular bail......you can ask for Bail on grounds of parity......do it within the period of Antic.bail

Dr Sidharth Aurora       Advocate

9717315444

 

1 Like

vijay dinanath (self)     19 October 2011

my bail will then be regularised sir or i will be let off free.i want to know why cant i be let off when its proved i m longer a danger to society.

rahul saxena (advocate)     19 October 2011

kinldy confirm that is it necessary to get AB that accused should approch to court for AB after filling of FIR?

1 Like

Shonee Kapoor (Legal Evangelist - TRIPAKSHA)     19 October 2011

Dear Mr. Saxena,

 

Registration of FIR is not necessary, however accused shall show reasonable apprehension of arrest.

 

Original Author,

 

AB once granted is till the completion of trial.

 

Regards,

 

Shonee Kapoor

harassed.by.498a@gmail.com

1 Like

Rohit Suresh Gangawane (Junior Advocate)     20 October 2011

It is till conlusion of trial. No need to obtain regular Bail.

Refer latest Judgment of Siddharam Mhetre vs. State of Maharashtra of Hon'ble Supreme Court.

Rohit Gangawane

Advocate


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