Key takeaways The principle of "autrefois acquit" applies to cases where the accused has been acquitted of the same offence, and prevents the accused from being tried again for the same offence. The principle of "autrefois convict" ..
Key Takeaways The investigation, trial, and procedure for criminal cases are governed by the Code of Criminal Procedure (CrPC), a procedural law in India. The HCs can quash a First Information Report (FIR) if it determines it is frivolous, mala fide ..
KEY TAKEAWAYS The Constitution (First Amendment) Act, 1951 was passed by the Indian Parliament on June 18, 1951. Several changes were introduced to the Constitution through this amendment. Fundamental rights clauses were amended and restrictions on f ..
KEY TAKEAWAYS According to the Information Technology Act, 2000 (IT Act) digital signatures are recognised by the law and have the same legal standing as physical ones. By providing digital signature certificates and verifying that legal requirements ..
INTRODUCTIONLaw refers to a set of regulations acknowledged by a nation to govern the conduct and behavior of its citizens. It can be categorized into substantive law, which establishes the rights of individuals, and procedural or adjective law, whic ..
KEY TAKEAWAYS The All-India Bar Council was proposed to control the legal profession and establish requirements for legal education. The Advocates Act came into effect in 1961, and the Attorney General and Solicitor General of India are ex officio me ..
Key Takeaways Res gestae is a legal principle that permits the admission of unprompted remarks about an occasion or transaction. These statements, which were made right away after the incident, offer trustworthy and reliable evidence because they are ..
Key Takeaways Stamp duty is a charge applied by state governments in India on specific legal transactions, with rates varying depending on the state and nature of the transaction. The Indian Stamp Act of 1899 provides a framework for stamp duty rates ..
KEY TAKEAWAYS An income tax is a tax that governments impose on people and businesses based on their profits throughout a fiscal year. There are two types of taxes: direct taxes and indirect taxes. Income tax is the amount withheld from any source of ..
KEY TAKEAWAYS Intellectual property rights are those rights granted to persons for their unique and intangible creations of the mind. Patent is a kind of intellectual property right that is granted for a technical invention. Section 2(1)(j) of the Pa ..