The Minister of State for Mines, Steel and Labour and Employment, Shri Vishnu Deo Sai has said that “Labour” is in the Concurrent List of the Constitution. Thus, both the Centre and the States can legislate in this area. There are 44 labour related statutes enacted by the Central Government dealing with wages, social security, labour welfare, occupational safety and health and industrial relations etc., being enforced by Central and State Governments, as appropriate Governments, as envisaged in the respective Acts. Each Act has been enacted keeping in view its objectives which are defined in each Act and accordingly the definitions have been incorporated in the Acts.
In a written reply in the Lok Sabha today, Shri Vishnu Deo Sai has said that ministry is also addressing the issue of ease of compliance to promote an enabling business environment. A single unified Web Portal is being developed for Online Registration of Units, Reporting of inspections, and submissions of Annual Returns and redressal of grievances. This portal will facilitate ease of reporting at one place for various Labour Laws by a single online Annual Return; consolidate information of Labour Inspection and its enforcement thereby enhancing transparency in Labour Inspection as well as that in monitoring of Labour Inspections. An Inspection scheme has also been notified with the objective of simplifying business regulations and for bringing in transparency and accountability in labour inspections. The scheme envisages objective criteria for selection of Units for inspection.