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Discussion > Criminal Law > Procedure > Bail cancellation   Unanswered Threads Post New Topic

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There are 6 Replies to this message


Tanmoy Dutta


Advocate
[ Scorecard : 58]
Posted On 11 August 2011 at 01:06 Report Abuse

My client had obtain a bail after the complainant files a compromise petition saying that he had no objection if my client given bail. Now the situation has worsened and the complainant files a petition for cancellation of the bail. After hearing the CJM called for report from IO. The CS has already been submitted. In this situation can the CJM cancelled its earlier bail order??



arvind


advocate
[ Scorecard : 12634]
Posted On 11 August 2011 at 07:02 Report Abuse

I think power to cancel bail only lies with DJ and High Court.


adv. rajeev ( rajoo )


practicing advocate
[ Scorecard : 35115]
Posted On 11 August 2011 at 07:06 Report Abuse

If IO files any adverse report then he can cancel the bail.


adv. rajeev ( rajoo )


practicing advocate
[ Scorecard : 35115]
Posted On 11 August 2011 at 07:07 Report Abuse

If IO files any adverse report then he can cancel the bail.


Saurabh..V


Law Consultant
[ Scorecard : 2456]
Posted On 11 August 2011 at 11:01 Report Abuse

When it comes to "cancellation" of bail, the fundamental principle is that only that judge could cancel the bail who approved the bail.

 

So if the CJM approved the bail he can also cancel it, however if the bail was granted by High Court, then only high court has the power to cancel it.

 

If CJM goes ahead to cancel the bail, then it would contain erroneous interpretation of law which could be challenged in high court for violation of law.

 

//peace

/Saurabh..V


THANKACHAN V P


Advocate & Notary
[ Scorecard : 766]
Posted On 12 August 2011 at 08:31 Report Abuse

 

IN THE SUPREME COURT OF INDIA

 

2009 (4) Crimes(SC) 56 : 2010 AIR(SC) 91 : 2009 (14) SCR 195 : 2009 (12) Scale 307 : 2010 (1) SCC(Cri) 381 : 2009 (6) Supreme 564 : 2009 (10) SCC 652 : 2009 AIR(SCW) 5632 : 2009 AIOL 1121 : 2009 Legal Eagle 1121

 

Before : Tarun Chatterjee :  R.M.Lodha

 

Hazari Lal Das

Versus

State of West Bengal & Anr.

 

Case No. : Criminal Appeal No. 1732 of 2009 [Arising out of S.L.P.(Crl.) No. 8565/2008]

 

Date of Decision : 08-Sep-2009

 

 

HEADNOTE : 

Indian Penal Code,1860 -- Sections 403, 409, 420, 467 & 34 -- Criminal Procedure Code -- Section 438 -- Cancellation of anticipatory bail -- F.I.R. lodged on the basis of a complaint by Secretary High School -- It was alleged that the a bank account was opened jointly by the Headmaster and a Secretary appointed by him -- A cheque of Rs. 6,00,000 which had come to the school from Sports and Youth Services (Sports Wing) Government of West Bengal was deposited in the said account an intention to misappropriate the said amount -- Said account opened without resolution of managing committee -- An application for anticipatory bail was made by the appellant -- Learned Sessions Judge (I/C) ordered that in the event of arrest, the appellant shall be released on anticipatory bail with a condition to attend police station once a week -- Complainant approached the High Court for cancellation of such bail -- High Court by its order cancelled the anticipatory bail -- Thus, this appeal -- Order of the High Court however stayed -- The Court held, that bail once granted should not be cancelled in a mechanical manner without considering whether any supervening circumstances have rendered it no longer conducive to a fair trial to allow the accused to retain his freedom by enjoying the concession of bail during the trial -- Impugned order set aside -- Appeal allowed.

 

STATUTES REFERRED:

     1. Indian Penal Code,1860 ,  S.409

     2. Indian Penal Code,1860 ,  S.420

     3. Indian Penal Code,1860 ,  S.467

     4. Indian Penal Code,1860 ,  S.403

     5. Code of Criminal Procedure,1973,  S.438

     6. Indian Penal Code,1860 ,  S.34

 

CASES REFERRED: 

    Case Referred :

    Dolat Ram and Ors. v. State of Haryana, (1995) 1 SCC 349 [Para 9]

 

JUDGMENT/ORDER: 

 

JUDGMENT

 

R.M. Lodha, J.:-

 

Leave granted.

 

2. On the basis of the complaint made by Jayanta Naskar, Secretary, Sambhunagar High School, P.O. Sambhunagar, a First Information Report being FIR No. 15/2008 was lodged on May 30, 2008 under Sections 403, 409, 420, 467/34 IPC, at Police Station Gosaba, District 24 Parganas (South). It is alleged that appellant who is Headmaster of Sambhunagar High School opened a bank account No. 0855010083094 with the U.B.I., Lalbazar Branch, Kolkata on April 30, 2008; that the appellant introduced his servant Gour Dhara as a secretary of the school; that the said account was opened jointly with his servant and that he deposited a cheque of Rs. 6,00,000/- which had come to the school from Sports and Youth Services (Sports Wing), Government of West Bengal, with an intention to misappropriate the said amount. It is also alleged that the said account was opened by the appellant without any resolution of the Managing Committee of the school and that he submitted false and forged copy of the minutes of the meeting No. 15 dated April 26, 2008 with the seal of the Headmaster, Sambhunagar High School.

 

3. The appellant made an application for anticipatory bail under Section 438 of Code of Criminal Procedure, 1973 before the Sessions Judge, Alipore, District 24 Parganas (South).

 

4. Learned Sessions Judge (I/C) after hearing the counsel for the appellant and the Public Prosecutor enlarged the appellant on anticipatory bail vide Order dated July 3, 2008. It was ordered that in the event of arrest, the appellant shall be released on anticipatory bail of Rs. 5,000/- with two sureties of Rs. 2,500/- each; one of such surety shall be local. The Sessions Judge (I/C) also put a condition that the appellant shall attend the police station once in a week for eight weeks. He also imposed usual conditions as laid down in Section 438 (2) Cr.P.C.

 

5. The complainant - Jayant Naskar approached the High Court for cancellation of anticipatory bail granted by the Sessions Judge (I/C) to the appellant. By the impugned order dated September 18, 2008, the High Court cancelled the anticipatory bail granted by the Sessions Judge (I/C).

 

6. On December 12, 2008 this Court while issuing notice stayed the operation of the impugned order. The order of Sessions Judge (I/C) granting anticipatory bail, thus, has remained operative.

 

7. We heard the learned counsel for the parties and perused the order of the High Court.

 

8. Although the High Court did notice in the impugned order that the considerations which should be in the mind of the court while considering the prayer for grant of bail are not the same for the purpose of cancellation of bail, yet we find that these considerations were not kept in mind and the order of the Sessions Judge granting anticipatory bail was set aside.

 

9. In Dolat Ram And Ors. v. State of Haryana, (1995) 1 SCC 349, this Court held:

 

“4. Rejection of bail in a non-bailable case at the initial stage and the cancellation of bail so granted, have to be considered and dealt with on different basis. Very cogent and overwhelming circumstances are necessary for an order directing the cancellation of the bail, already granted. Generally speaking, the grounds for cancellation of bail, broadly (illustrative and not exhaustive) are: interference or attempt to interfere with the due course of administration of justice or evasion or attempt to evade the due course of justice or abuse of the concession granted to the accused in any manner. The satisfaction of the court, on the basis of material placed on the record of the possibility of the accused absconding is yet another reason justifying the cancellation of bail. However, bail once granted should not be cancelled in a mechanical manner without considering whether any supervening circumstances have rendered it no longer conducive to a fair trial to allow the accused to retain his freedom by enjoying the concession of bail during the trial. These principles, it appears, were lost sight of by the High Court when it decided to cancel the bail, already granted. The High Court it appears to us overlooked the distinction of the factors relevant for rejecting bail in a non-bailable case in the first instance and the cancellation of bail already granted.”

 

10. There is nothing on record that there has been interference or attempt to interfere with the due course of administration of justice by the appellant. It also does not appear from the record that concession granted to him has been abused in any manner. No supervening circumstances have surfaced nor shown justifying cancellation of anticipatory bail. The judicial discretion exercised by the Sessions Judge in granting the anticipatory bail has been interfered with by the High Court in the absence of cogent and convincing circumstances. We are, thus, satisfied that the impugned order cannot be sustained.

 

11. Accordingly, appeal must succeed and is allowed. The impugned order dated September 18, 2008 is set aside. The appellant shall attend Gosaba Police Station once in a week as directed by Sessions Judge until completion of investigation. He is also directed to fully cooperate with the Investigating Officer and produce the entire record available with him.

 

_______________

 

 


Tanmoy Dutta


Advocate
[ Scorecard : 58]
Posted On 14 August 2011 at 16:11 Report Abuse

thanks to all of you for your comment




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