Summary of Supreme Court Judgement
The practice of Triple Talaq was going on for many years
In India and it was incorporated in Muslim Personal Law (Shariat) Application Act, 1937.
The main reason why triple talaq was challenged in Hon'ble Supreme Court was that the practice of triple talaq was arbiter in nature as it is in favor of male Muslim and it was in their disposal to terminate the marriage by pronouncing talaq 3 times. Muslim women with children had no say in such cases.
Hence the practice was violation of Article 14 of the constitution which guarantees equality.
Opposite arguments were that the triple talaaq is a part of Shari-at religion and is practiced for last 100s of years and if it is declare invalid then it will be in violation of Article 25 of the constitution which is freedom of carrying out a religion. There was a conflict between the two very important articles of the constitution.
The Hon'ble supreme court by majority decision held Merely because a practice has continued for long, that by itself cannot make it valid if it has been expressly declared to be impermissible.
Triple Talaq is not a part of religious practice and is not even in quran. Article 25(2) says that if any of the religious practice is violative to the fundamental rights then it can be struck down by the Supreme Court.
Which same thing has happened with the triple talaq and Supreme court has held that the practice of triple talaq is derogatory and is violation to Article 14 of the constitution as it is at pure discretion of male muslim and removes any possibility of reconciliation between the parties, hence the practice is violation of article 14 and should be declared illegal..
The court decision is welcomed by all sectors of muslim population in India and a victory for Muslim Women