To prove quilt of an accused person by circumstantial evidence. They are:- (1) The circumstance from which tile conclusion is drawn should be fully proved; (2) the circumstances should he conclusive in nature; (3)all the facts so established should..
Though dying declaration is indirect evidence being a specie of hearsay, yet it is an exception to the rule against admissibility of hearsay evidence. Indeed, it is substantive evidence and like any other substantive evidence requires no corroboratio..
“The opinion given by a medical witness need not be the last word on the subject. Such an opinion shall be tested by the court. If the opinion is bereft of logic or objectivity, the court is not obliged to go by that opinion. After all opinion is wha..
In our opinion, when a report is submitted to the Magistrate he is required to be prima facie satisfied that the facts disclosed therein constitute an offence. It is trite that the Magistrate is not bound by the conclusion of the investigating agency..
Crimes against women are not ordinary crimes committed in a fit of anger or for property. They are social crimes. They disrupt the entire social fabric. Hence, they call for harsh punishment. Unfortunately, what is happening in our society is that ou..
That there is a long mental distance between `may be true' and `must be true' and the same divides conjectures from sure conclusions; [see Tanviben Pankajkumar Divetia v. State of Gujarat1]. ..
In the deposition of witnesses, there are always normal discrepancies, howsoever, honest and truthful they may be. These discrepancies are due to normal errors of observation, normal errors of memory due to lapse of time, due to mental disposition, s..
`The proceedings under Section 174 have a very limited scope. The object of the proceedings is merely to ascertain whether a person has died under suspicious circumstances or an unnatural death and if so what is the apparent cause of the death. The q..
The essential ingredients to prove guilt of an accused person by circumstantial evidence are: (1) the circumstances from which the conclusion is drawn should be fully proved; (2) the circumstances should be conclusive in nature; (3) all the facts so..
. It is very surprising that a doctor who admittedly did not treat a patient during her life time would be called upon to certify the fitness of the patient to make a dying declaration when other doctors who treated the said patient were available fo..
. It is not outside the realm of probability that her statement may have been inspired by her uncle and, therefore, it will not be safe to base the conviction of respondent on such a dying declaration. The other direct evidence is the deposition of ..
It is, however, equally well-settled that an objection as to prejudice must be taken at the earliest [see Shobit Chamar & Anr. Versus State of Bihar (1998 (3) SCC 455) ] and prejudice must be shown before a trial could be said to be invalidated [..
"In England where provision has been made for the reception of unsworn evidence from a child it has always been provided that the evidence must be corroborated in some material particular implicating the accused. But in the Indian Act there is no suc..
What is essential is that the person recording the dying declaration must be satisfied that the deceased was in a fit state of mind. Where it is proved by the testimony of the Magistrate that the declarant was fit to make the statement without there ..
The appellant was married to one Sudesh who is said to have committed suicide on 23rd February, 1989. According to the prosecution Sudesh was married to the appellant in April/May, 1980 but she could not conceive. The appellant had been maltreating a..
A. The Drug Inspector under the Act 1940 had taken a sample of Betnesol tablets (Batch No. NC 160 Mfg. October 1996, expiry March 1998), manufactured by the appellant-company from the shop of one Mahesh Agarwal at Chattarpur on 9.12.1996. The statuto..
Political rivalry at times degenerates into personal vendetta where principles and policies take a back seat and personal ambition and longing for power drive men to - commit the foulest of deeds to avenge defeat and to settle scores. These appeals b..
The present appeal is directed against the judgment and order on sentence both dated 06.08.1996 delivered / passed by the Additional Sessions Judge, New Delhi in Sessions Case No. 82/1996 arising out of FIR 405/1991 registered at Police Station Vinay..
This appeal is directed against the judgment dated 31.05.1997 passed by the learned Additional Sessions Judge, Delhi in Sessions Case No. 33/1996 arising out of FIR 22/1992 under Section 302 IPC registeredat Police Station Bara Hindu Rao. By virtue o..
This appeal is directed against the judgment dated 19.07.1997 and the order on sentence dated 22.07.1997, which were delivered / passed by the learned Additional Sessions Judge, Delhi in Sessions Case No.1/1994 arising out of FIR No.86/1990 registere..