Clarification on Examination, Merit List, Selection, Recommendation and Seniority of selected candidates through Govt. recruiting agencies/UPSC :
(1) What is the overall process of recruitment by recruiting agencies/UPSC ?
(i) Examination (Interview / written test & Interview)
(ii) Merit List
(2) What is Examination ?
Commission conducts Examination through written test and interview or sometime interview only.
(3) What is Merit list?
After personality test, candidates will be arranged in the order of merit as determined by the aggregate marks finally awarded to each candidate. This is termed as "Merit list".
( Ref. UPSC Circular No.8/32/2011-R(C&P) dated 3.11.2011 , Civil Services Examination Rules, Engineering Services Examination Rules)
(4) What is selection?
Commission conducts selection of candidates by placing them in Main list and Reserve list/Waiting list .
(i) After merit list was prepared, commission recommends the candidates with respect to numbers of unreserved vacancies(UR) purely on Merit basis i.e in order of aggregate marks.
For filling up the above said unreserved vacancies(UR), commission recommends all categories candidates , General , SC, ST, OBC purely on Merit/marks basis, without any relaxation.
(ii)After that, commission recommends the reserve categories belongs to SC ,ST and OBC candidates against numbers of reserve vacancies by relaxing general qualifying standard.
Please note, the reserve categories candidates, belongs to SC,ST, OBC, who have not avail any relaxation, have scored general qualifying marks will not be recommended against vacancies advertised for reservation of SC, ST, OBC.
(iii) Further, commission maintains a reserve list/waiting list of candidates which will include candidates from general and reserved categories ranking in order of merit below the each category's last recommended candidate
(5) What is recommendation?
Commission recommends the candidates against the number of vacancies category wise ( through main list) and then from reserve list/waiting list against the non joining candidates of the respective categories.
(6) Is Selection and recommendation have same meaning?
Ans : No.
Because all the candidates selected in selection process will not be recommended . As example, few candidates of Reserve panel may not be recommended when no more vacancies ,due to non joining of candidates, be created latter on.
(7) All the selected candidates were recommended or not?
Ans : No.
Few candidates selected and were placed reserve list may not be recommended if no more vacancies due to nonjoining of main list latter created. Sometimes, court order against a candidate/category and also antecedent issue , selected candidate/candidates may not be recommended.
(8) Is Main list earlier selection and Reserve list is latter selection?
Ans : No.
Reserve list/Waiting list got already selected with Main list. But reserve list was not published out to public at that time. It is operated on receipt of formal request from Department/Ministry. Hence, all the candidates of main list and reserve list are from same selection.
(9) How seniority are fixed of all the recommended candidates?
Seniority will be determined in order of merit in a selection i.e in order of aggregate marks finally awarded to the candidates.
(10) Can Waiting list candidates have better seniority than main list?
The inter se seniority of the candidates of main list and reserve list/waiting list will be determined based on the aggregate marks of the candidates revealed by UPSC. For example, General category candidates having higher marks than main list reserve categories belongs to SC ST OBC, will be placed higher in seniority as per their merit positions. Hence, seniority list of all the candidates including reserve list/ waiting list will be prepared in order of marks.
(11) Is seniority of a candidate dependent on order of recommendation by commission?
Recommendation of candidates in a selection dependent on various factors, like vacancies of a category, antecedent issue, even some time court cases against a candidate, court case on a category ( UR SC ST OBC) . Only Merit/ Marks are yardstick of seniority of the candidates in a particular selection.
(12) Will the vacancies filled up by the reserve list/ waiting list be treated as fresh vacancies??
Vacancies, caused by non - joining of the candidates, which were filled up by reserve list should not be treated as fresh vacancies.
(Ref . DoPT OM No. 41019/18/97-Estt.(B) dated 13th June 2000).