the nature of the complaint lodged by the two parties is such that one party openly does injustice to the other party by taking advantage of the lacunae in law. The party which faces such injustice, naturally, goes to the police station to lodge a complaint against the party doing injustice. Such complaints are registered by the police as ‘incognizable’. This gives protection to the party that does injustice, under the law. The aggrieved party continues to lodge complaints about the offences taking place against them with the police. At such time, it becomes difficult for the police to take side of the party doing injustice. In such situation, the police sometimes, furnish a report to the sub-divisional Magistrate, under clause 107 of the Criminal Procedure Code (CrPC) either against both the parties or sometimes against the aggrieved party (Plaintiff), for filing a ‘Chapter’ case. The police request the sub-divisional Magistrate to take action against the concerned party under clause 107 of CrPC i.e. police file ‘chapter’ case against that party.