Many Centuries ago, Christians came to India and settled in this country when East India
Company assumed ruling power in India and established its own courts. With the establishment
of the Supreme Courts, the Common Law of England was made applicable to India on many
subjects including marriage and divorce among the Christian community, on the ground that it
was based on the principle of equity, justice and good conscience.
Before the enactment of Indian Christian Marriage Act, 1872 the law relating to solemnization in
India of marriage of persons professing the Christian religion was guided by two British Acts, 14
and 15 Vict. C. 40 and 58 Geo. III C.84 and two Indian Acts, Acts 5 of 1852 and 5 of 1865.