Rehabilitation of bonded labour


As per the information received from the States, the number of bonded labourers identified and released so far is as under:


Name of the State

Number of Bonded Labourers Identified and Released

Andhra Pradesh

38,141

Arunachal Pradesh

3,526

Bihar  

17813

Chhattisgarh

3548

Gujarat

64

Haryana

594

Jharkhand

314

Karnataka

66281

Kerala

823

Madhya Pradesh

13,319

Maharashtra   

1,404

Odisha

51441

Punjab

252

Rajasthan

7872

Tamil Nadu

65,573

Uttar Pradesh

42279

Uttaranchal

5

West Bengal

344

TOTAL

3,13,593


In order to assist the State Governments in the task of rehabilitation of identified and released bonded labourers, a Centrally Sponsored Plan Scheme for Rehabilitation of Bonded Labour has been in operation since May, 1978.  The Government has revamped the Centrally Sponsored Plan Scheme for Rehabilitation of Bonded Labourers with effect from 17th May, 2016.  The salient features of the ‘Central Sector Scheme for Rehabilitation of Bonded Labourer, 2016’ are as under:

  1. Financial assistance is provided for rehabilitation of a rescued bonded labourer at the rate of rupees one lakh for adult male beneficiary, Rs. 2 lakh for special category beneficiaries such as children including orphans or those rescued from organized & forced begging rings or other forms of forced child labour, and women and Rs. 3 lakh in cases of bonded or forced labour involving extreme cases of deprivation or marginalization such as trans-genders, or women or children rescued from ostensible sexual exploitation such as brothels, massage parlours, placement agencies etc., or trafficking, or in cases of differently abled persons, or in situations where the District Magistrate deems fit.
  1. The financial assistance for rehabilitation is 100% reimbursed by the Central Government.
  1. The Scheme also provides for financial assistance of Rs. 4.50 lakh per district to the States for conducting survey of bonded labourers, Rs. 1.00 Lakh for evaluatory studies and Rs.  10 Lakhs per State per annum for awareness generation. Central Government will give 50% of the amount required for conducting Survey, Awareness Generation and Evaluatory Studies in advance. A State may conduct survey once in every three years per sensitive district. A State may conduct five Evaluatory Studies per year.
  1. The release of rehabilitation assistance has been linked with conviction of the accused. However, immediate assistance upto    Rs. 20,000/- may be provided to the rescued bonded labour by the District Administration irrespective of the status of conviction proceedings.
  1. The Scheme provides for creation of a Bonded Labour Rehabilitation Fund at District level by each State with a permanent corpus of at least Rs. 10 lakh at the disposal of the District Magistrate for extending immediate help to the released bonded labourers.
  1. The benefits prescribed above shall be, in addition to, other cash or non-cash benefits which a beneficiary under this scheme is entitled to, by or under any other scheme or law applicable for the time being in force.

Under the Rehabilitation of Bonded Labour Scheme, the State/UT-wise details of funds released for the rehabilitation of bonded labour during the last three years and the current year is as under:


Year

State

Amount (Rs. in lakh)

2015-16

Uttar Pradesh

221.60

2016-17

Bihar

179.20

Jharkhand

11.80

Odisha

25.80

Uttar Pradesh

25.80

Karnataka

18.10

2017-18

Bihar

54.50

Karnataka

150.00

Uttar Pradesh

358.10

Rajasthan

15.90

Madhya Pradesh

0.40

Chhattisgarh

11.40

Odisha

74.20

2018-19

(till date)

Uttar Pradesh

74.10

Bihar

33.00

Chhattisgarh

127.60


This information was given by Shri Santosh Kumar Gangwar Union Minister of State (I/C) for Labour and Employment in written reply to a question in Lok Sabha today.


 
Published in Labour & Service Law
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