Wherever a Final Report is forwarded by investigating Police in a case, u/s 173(2) (i) of Cr. P. C, and is placed before to a Magistrate, several situations may arise. The Report may conclude that an offence appears to have been committed by a particular person and persons, and in such a case Magistrate may either:-
1) accept Report and take cognizance of offence and issue process,
2) may disagree with the report and drop the proceeding or to take cognizance on the basis of report / material submitted by the Investigation Officer,
3) may direct further investigation under Sec 156(3) and require Police to make report as per Sec 173(8)-(AIR 1968 SC 117 ; AIR 1980 SC 1883 / AIR 1955 SC 196).
4) may treat the Protest Complaint as a complaint , and proceed u/s 200 & 202 of Cr. P.C.